InsideIIM believes in preparing you end to end for the upcoming MBA Exam season. In addition to our Daily Verbal Dose, News Burger and the Test Prep Engine, we bring to you each day a curated list which would help you in acing the General Awareness Section of MBA Exams like XAT, IIFT, SNAP and many other MBA Exams. This list will be updated each day, so bookmark it and make sure you visit daily.

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12th January 2015 – Current Affairs January Part 1

January 1 – January 10

A.K. Mittal appointed as Chairman of Railway Board

A.K. Mittal was appointed as the Chairman of Railway Board on 31 December 2014. He succeeded Arunendra Kumar who superannuated from Railway Services on 31 December 2014.
At the time of this appointment, Mittal was Member Staff, Railway Board and ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India. He had also served as General Manager of South Western Railway-SWR (Headquarters Hubli) and was also looking after the additional charge of General Manager, South Central Railway- SCR (Headquarters Secunderabad).


Former ISRO Chairman V R Gowarikar died in Pune

Senior Scientist and former Chairman of ISRO Vasant Ranchhod Gowarikar died after a brief illness in Pune, India on 2 January 2015. He was 82.

Chiefly known as the Father of the Indian Monsoon Model, Gowarikar was the first scientist to develop first indigenous weather forecasting model that predicted monsoon correctly. Between 1991 and 1993, he served as Scientific Advisor to late Prime Minister P V Narasimha Rao.


ICICI Bank launched Digital Village Project in Akodara Village of Gujarat

The Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI) Bank on 2 January 2015 launched Digital Village Project in Akodara Village of Gujarat.The project was launched in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and ICICI Bank MD and CEO Chanda Kochar. The project aimed to provide services ranging from cashless banking to digitised school teaching. The digital village has three themes i.e. cashless, comprehensive and connected.


Andy Murray won ATP World Tennis Championship in Abu Dhabi


Sutirtha Bhattacharya took charge as CMD of Coal India Limited

Sutirtha Bhattacharya on 5 January 2015 took charge as Coal India Limited’s full-time Chairman and Managing Director (CMD). The post was vacant for over six month. Prior to taking the charge of Coal India, Bhattacharya, a 1985 batch IAS officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre was the CMD of the state-owned Singareni Collieries Company.


Forbes released its fourth annual The 30 Under 30 List

Read here


Larry Page named Business Person of the Year 2014

Read here


Nilesh Shah resigned as MD & CEO of AXIS Capital Limited

Nilesh Shah on 5 January 2015 resigned as Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (MD &CEO) of Axis Capital Limited. Shah with over 20 years of experience in capital markets has worked with the investment bank for nearly four years. Shah joined Axis Bank as President, Strategic Initiatives—Corporate Banking in March 2011. He took over as MD & CEO of Axis Capital in November 2013.


10th December 2014 – Formula 1 Teams and their Drivers 2014


Teams Drivers
Mercedes Nico Rosberg and Lewis Hamilton
Red Bull Racing Daniel Riccardo and Sebastian Vettel
Ferrari Fernando Alonso and Kimi Raikkonen
Wiiliams Valtteri Bottas and Felipe Massa
McLaren Jenson Button and Kevin Magnussen
Force India Nico Hulkenberg and Sergio Perez
Lotus Romain Grosjean and Pastro Maldonado
Sauber Adrian Sutil and Esteban Gutierrez
Toro Rosso Jean-Eric Vergne and Daniil Kvyat
Marussia Jules Bianchi and Max Chilton
Caterham Kamui Kobayashi and Will Stevens


8th December 2014 – Nobel Prize Winners 2014


Nobel Prize Winners
Physics Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amnao and Shuji Nakamura
Chemistry Eric Betzig, Stefan W.Hell and William E. Moerner
Physiology or Medicine John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser
Literature Patrick Modiano
Peace Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel Jean Tirole


6th December 2014 – Badminton Super Series 2014


Super Series

Men’s singles

Women’s singles

Men’s doubles

Women’s doubles

Mixed doubles

Korea Chen Long Wang Yihan Mathias BoeCarsten Mogensen Bao YixinTang Jinhua Zhang NanZhao Yunlei
Malaysia Lee Chong Wei Li Xuerui Goh V ShemLim Khim Wah Bao YixinTang Jinhua Xu ChenMa Jin
England Lee Chong Wei Wang Shixian Mohammad AhsanHendra Setiawan Wang XiaoliYu Yang Tontowi AhmadLilyana Natsir
India Lee Chong Wei  Wang Shixian Mathias BoeCarsten Mogensen Tang YuantingYu Yang Joachim Fischer NielsenChristinna Pedersen
Singapore Simon Santoso Wang Yihan Cai YunLu Kai Bao YixinTang Jinhua Tontowi AhmadLilyana Natsir
Japan Lee Chong Wei Li Xuerui Lee Yong-daeYoo Yeon-seong Misaki MatsutomoAyaka Takahashi Zhang NanZhao Yunlei
Indonesia Jan Ø. Jørgensen Li Xuerui Lee Yong-daeYoo Yeon-seong Tian QingZhao Yunlei Joachim Fischer NielsenChristinna Pedersen
Australia  Lin Dan Saina Nehwal Lee Yong-daeYoo Yeon-seong Tian QingZhao Yunlei Ko Sung-hyunKim Ha-na
Denmark Chen Long Li Xuerui Fu HaifengZhang Nan Wang XiaoliYu Yang Xu ChenMa Jin
France Chou Tien-chen Wang Shixian Mathias BoeCarsten Mogensen Wang XiaoliYu Yang Tontowi AhmadLilyana Natsir
China Srikanth Kidambi Saina Nehwal Lee Yong-daeYoo Yeon-seong Wang XiaoliYu Yang Zhang NanZhao Yunlei
Hong Kong Shon Wan-ho Tai Tzu-ying Mohammad AhsanHendra Setiawan Tian QingZhao Yunlei Zhang NanZhao Yunlei


5th December 2014 – Tennis Grand Slams 2014


Grand Slams Category Champion(s)
Australian Open Men’s Singles Stanislas Wawrinka
Women Singles Li Na
Men’s Doubles Lukasz Kubot, Robert Lindstedt
Women’s Doubles Sara Errani, Roberta Vinci
Mixed’s Doubles Kristina Mladenovic, Daniel Nestor
French Open Men’s Singles Rafeal Nadal
Women Singles Maria Sharapova
Men’s Doubles Julien Benneteau, Édouard Roger-Vasselin
Women’s Doubles Hsieh Su-wei, Peng Shuai
Mixed’s Doubles Anna-Lena Grönefeld, Jean-Julien Rojer
Wimbledon Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic
Women Singles Petra Kvitová
Men’s Doubles Vasek Pospisil, Jack Sock
Women’s Doubles Sara Errani, Roberta Vinci
Mixed’s Doubles Nenad Zimonjić, Samantha Stosur
US Open Men’s Singles Marin Čilić
Women Singles Serena Williams
Men’s Doubles Bob Bryan, Mike Bryan
Women’s Doubles Ekaterina Makarova, Elena Vesnina
Mixed’s Doubles Sania Mirza, Bruno Soares



4th December 2014 – Five Year Plans and their Objectives


Plan Notes

First Plan (1951 – 56)

It was based on Harrod-Domar Model.
Community Development Program launched in 1952.
Focus on agriculture, price stability, power and transport.
It was a successful plan primarily because of good harvests in the last two years of the plan.

Second Plan (1956 – 61)

Target Growth: 4.5%

Actual Growth: 4.27%

Also called Mahalanobis Plan named after the well known economist.
Focus – rapid industrialization
Advocated huge imports through foreign loans.
Shifted basic emphasis from agriculture to industry far too soon.
During this plan, prices increased by 30%, against a decline of 13% during the First Plan.

Third Plan (1961 – 66)

Target Growth: 5.6%

Actual Growth: 2.84%

At its conception, it was felt that Indian economy has entered a take-off stage. Therefore, its aim was to make India a ‘self-reliant’ and ‘self-generating’ economy.
Based on the experience of first two plans, agriculture was given top priority to support the exports and industry.
Complete failure in reaching the targets due to unforeseen events – Chinese aggression (1962), Indo-Pak war (1965), severe drought 1965-66.

Three Annual Plans (1966-69)

Plan holiday for 3 years.

Prevailing crisis in agriculture and serious food shortage necessitated the emphasis on agriculture during the Annual Plans.
During these plans a whole new agricultural strategy was implemented. It involving wide-spread distribution of high-yielding varieties of seeds, extensive use of fertilizers, exploitation of irrigation potential and soil conservation.
During the Annual Plans, the economy absorbed the shocks generated during the Third Plan.
It paved the path for the planned growth ahead.

Fourth Plan (1969 – 74)

Target Growth: 5.7%

Actual Growth: 3.30%

Main emphasis was on growth rate of agriculture to enable other sectors to move forward.
First two years of the plan saw record production. The last three years did not measure up due to poor monsoon.
Influx of Bangladeshi refugees before and after 1971 Indo-Pak war was an important issue

 Fifth Plan (1974-79)

Target Growth: 4.4%

Actual Growth: 3.8

The fifth plan was prepared and launched by D.D. Dhar.
It proposed to achieve two main objectives: ‘removal of poverty’ (Garibi Hatao) and ‘attainment of self reliance’
Promotion of high rate of growth, better distribution of income and significant growth in the domestic rate of savings were seen as key instruments.
The plan was terminated in 1978 (instead of 1979) when Janta Party Govt. rose to power.

Rolling Plan (1978 – 80)

There were 2 Sixth Plans. Janta Govt. put forward a plan for 1978-1983. However, the government lasted for only 2 years. Congress Govt. returned to power in 1980 and launched a different plan.

Sixth Plan (1980 – 85)

Target Growth: 5.2%

Actual Growth: 5.66%

Focus – Increase in national income, modernization of technology, ensuring continuous decrease in poverty and unemployment, population control through family planning, etc.

 Seventh Plan (1985 – 90)

Target Growth: 5.0%

Actual Growth: 6.01%

Focus – rapid growth in food-grains production, increased employment opportunities and productivity within the framework of basic tenants of planning.
The plan was very successful, the economy recorded 6% growth rate against the targeted 5%.

 Eighth Plan

(1992 – 97)

The eighth plan was postponed by two years because of political uncertainty at the Centre.
Worsening Balance of Payment position and inflation during 1990-91 were the key issues during the launch of the plan.
The plan undertook drastic policy measures to combat the bad economic situation and to undertake an annual average growth of 5.6%
Some of the main economic outcomes during eighth plan period were rapid economic growth, high growth of agriculture and allied sector, and manufacturing sector, growth in exports and imports, improvement in trade and current account deficit.

Ninth Plan (1997- 2002)

Target Growth: 6.5%

Actual Growth: 5.35%

It was developed in the context of four important dimensions: Quality of life, generation of productive employment, regional balance and self-reliance.

 Tenth Plan

(2002 – 2007)

To achieve 8% GDP growth rate
Reduction of poverty ratio by 5 percentage points by 2007.
Providing gainful high quality employment to the addition to the labour force over the tenth plan period.
Universal access to primary education by 2007.
Reduction in gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by atleast 50% by 2007.
Reduction in decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to 16.2%.
Increase in literacy rate to 72% within the plan period and to 80% by 2012.
Reduction of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 45 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 28 by 2012.
Increase in forest and tree cover to 25% by 2007 and 33% by 2012.
All villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water by 2012.
Cleaning of all major polluted rivers by 2007 and other notified stretches by 2012.

 Eleventh Plan

(2007 – 2012)

Accelerate GDP growth from 8% to 10%. Increase agricultural GDP growth rate to 4% per year.
Create 70 million new work opportunities and reduce educated unemployment to below 5%.
Raise real wage rate of unskilled workers by 20 percent.
Reduce dropout rates of children from elementary school from 52.2% in 2003-04 to 20% by 2011-12. Increase literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or above to 85%.
Lower gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage point. Increase the percentage of each cohort going to higher education from the present 10% to 15%.
Reduce infant mortality rate to 28 and maternal mortality ratio to 1 per 1000 live births.
Reduce Total Fertility Rate to 2.1.
Provide clean drinking water for all by 2009. Reduce malnutrition among children between 0-3 years to half its present level. Reduce anaemia among women and girls by 50%.
Raise the sex ratio for age group 0-6 to 935 by 2011-12 and to 950 by 2016-17.
Ensure that at least 33 percent of the direct and indirect beneficiaries of all government schemes are women and girl children.
Ensure all-weather road connection to all habitation with population 1000 and above (500 in hilly and tribal areas) by 2009, and ensure coverage of all significant habitation by 2015.
Connect every village by telephone by November 2007 and provide broadband connectivity to all villages by 2012.
Increase forest and tree cover by 5 percentage points.
Attain WHO standards of air quality in all major cities by 2011-12.
Treat all urban waste water by 2011-12 to clean river waters.
Increase energy efficiency by 20 percentage points by 2016-17.

Twelfth Plan (2012 –  2017)

Growth rate at 8%.
Reduce poverty by 10%
Raising agriculture output to 4 per cent for the full Plan.
Manufacturing sector growth to 10 per cent for the full Plan.


3rd December 2014 – Mergers and Acquisitions

1. Flipkart- Myntra


Flipkart – Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal

Myntra – Mukesh Bansal, Vineet Saxena and Ashutosh Lawania

The huge and most talked about takeover or acquisition of the year. The seven year old Bangalore based domestic e-retailer acquired the online fashion portal for an undisclosed amount in May 2014. Industry analysts and insiders believe it was a $300 million or Rs 2,000 crore deal.

Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal insisted that this was a “completely different acquisition story” as it was not “driven by distress”, alluding to a plethora of small e-commerce players either having wound up or been bought over in the past two years. Together, both company heads claimed, they were scripting “one of the largest e-commerce stories”.

2. Asian Paints- Ess Ess Bathroom Products


Asian Paints – Champaklal H. Choksey, Arvind R. Vakil, Suryakant C. Dani, Chimanlal N. Choksi

Asian paints signed a deal with Ess Ess Bathroom products Pvt Ltd to acquire its front end sales business for an undisclosed sum in May, 2014.

“The company on May 14, 2014 has entered into a binding agreement with Ess Ess Bathroom Products Pvt. Ltd and its promoters to acquire its entire front-end sales business including brands, network and sales infrastructure,” Asian Paints said in a filing to the BSE on Wednesday.

Ess Ess produces high end products in bath and wash segment in India and taking them over led to a 3.3% rise in share price for Asian paints.

3. RIL- Network 18 Media and Investments

Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) took over 78% shares in Network 18 in May 2104 for Rs 4,000 crores. Network 18 was founded by Raghav Behl and includes,,,,,, while TV18 group includes CNBC-TV18, CNN-IBN, Colors, IBN7 and CNBC Awaaz.

4. Merck- Sigma Deal

One of the leading Indian manufacturers, Merck KGaA took over US based Sigma-Aldrich Company for $17 billion in cash, hoping the deal will help boost its lab supplies business.

Sigma is the leading supplier of organic chemicals and bio chemicals to research laboratories and supplies groups like Pfizer and Novartis with lab substances.

5. Ranbaxy- Sun Pharmaceuticals

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited, a multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra which manufactures and sells pharmaceutical formulations and active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) primarily in India and the United States bought the Ranbaxy Laboratories. The deal is expected to be completed in December, 2014.

Ranbaxy shareholders will get 4 shares of Sun Pharma for every 5 Ranbaxy shares held by them. The deal, worth $4 billion, will lead to a 16.4 dilution in the equity capital of Sun Pharma.


Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), the $13 billion flagship software unit of the Tata Group, has announced a merger with the listed CMC with itself as part of the group’s renewed efforts to consolidate its IT businesses under a single entity.

At present, CMC employs over 6,000 people and has annual revenues worth Rs 2,000 crores. The deal was inked a few days back. TCS already held a 51% stake in CMC.

7. Tata Power- PT Arutmin Indonesia

India’s largest private power producer, Tata Power, purchased 30% stake in Indonesian coal manufacturing firm for Rs 47.4 billion. Earlier this year, they sold off 5% of its stake in PT Arutmin Indonesia (Arutmin) and PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC) for Rs. 250 billion due to falling coal prices globally. It plans to sell the remaining 25% stake for $ 1 billion soon too.

8. Tirumala Milk – Lactalis

The largest dairy player in the world, Groupe Lactalis SA, acquired the 18 year old Hyderabad based Tirumala Milk products for a whopping Rs 1750 crore ($275 million)in January, 2014.

Founded in 1896 by D Brahmanandam, B Brahma Naidu, B Nageswara Rao, Dr N Venkata Rao and R Satyanarayana, Tirumala is the second largest private dairy company in South India.

Lactalis acquired 100% of their shares.

9. Aditya Birla Minacs- CSP CX

Aditya Birla Nuvo Ltd (ABNL) owned ABNL IT & ITeS Ltd. was sold to a Canadian based technology outsourcing firm marking Aditya Birla’s exit for the IT industry.

The deal was chalked out with a group of investors led by Capital Square Partners (CSP) and CX Partners (CXP) for $260 million (approximately Rs. 1,600 crore).

10. Sterling India Resorts- Thomas Cook India

Billionaire Prem Watsa owned Thomas Cook India bought the Sterling Resorts India for Rs 870 crores in , marking Thomas Cook’s entry into the hospitality sector. Thomas Cook had earlier acquired Ikya Human Solutions in 2013.

11. Yahoo- Bookpad


Bookpad – Aditya Bandi, Niketh Sabbineni and Ashwik Reddy

The search engine giant, Yahoo, acquired the one year old Bangalore based startup Bookpad for a little under $15 million, though the exact amount has not been disclosed by either of the two parties concerned. While the deal value is relatively small, this was the first acquisition made by Yahoo, and was much talked about and hence finds a mention in our list.

Bookpad was founded by three IIT Guwahati pass outs and allows users to view, edit and annotate documents within a website or an app.


2nd December 2014 – Social Search Engines and Websites and their Founders


Social Search Engines and Websites Founders
Google Larry Page, Sergery Brin
Yahoo Jerry Yang, David Filo
Wikipedia Jimmy Wales, Larry Sanger
Bing Microsoft Corporation
Gmail Paul Buchheit
Hotmail Sabeer Bhatia
Facebook Mark Zukerberg
Twitter Jack Dorsey
Linkedin Reid Hoffman
Pinterest Ben Silbermann
Google+ Larry Page
Tumblr David Karp
Hi-5 Akash Garg, Ramu Yalamanchi
Youtube Chad Hurley, Steve Chen
Flickr Ludicorp
Myspace Tom Anderson, Chris Dewolfe
Skype Janus Friis, Niklas Zennstrom


1st December 2014 – International Organizations and their headquarters


International Organizations Headquarters
United Nations Organisation New York
United Nations Childrens’ Fund (UNICEF) New York
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) New York
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Geneva
World Health Organisation Geneva
International Labour Organisation Geneva
International Committee of the Red Cross Geneva
World Trade Organisation Geneva
World Meteorological Organisation Geneva
World Intellectual Property Organization Geneva
International Organization for Standardization Geneva
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Paris
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Paris
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Vienna
International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA) Vienna
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Vienna
International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington DC
World Bank Washington DC
Amnesty International  London
Commonwealth of Nations  London
International Court Of Justice The Hague
Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) Rome
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Brussels
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC) Kathmandu
Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Jakarta
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Singapore
International Olympic Committee(IOC)  Lausanne, Switzerland
World Economic Forum (WEF) Geneva, Switzerland
Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Zurich, Switzerland
International Cricket Council (ICC) Dubai, UAE
International Hockey Federation (FIH) Lausanne, Switzerland
Fédération internationale des échecs (FIDE) or World Chess Federation Athens, Greece
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Gland, Switzerland


29th November 2014 – Current Affairs November Part 2

November 6 – November 10

Sachin Tendulkar’s autobiography Playing It My Way launched

Sachin Tendulkar’s autobiography Playing It My Way was launched on 5 November 2014 in Mumbai. The book was unveiled by Sachin himself in the presence of some of his former teammates, celebrities and family members.

Mahendra Singh Dhoni named as captain of ICC ODI Team of the Year 2014

Sanjay Baweja appointed as the Chief Financial Officer of Flipkart

Sanjay Baweja was on 5 November 2014 appointed as the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of e-retailer Flipkart. The post of CFO was vacant in the company since 2013. He will be part of the leadership team at Flipkart and will contribute to the overall organisational development along with defining the strategic roadmap for profitable revenue growth for Flipkart. Earlier, he was Global CFO of Tata Communications.

Forbes list of World’s Most Powerful People 2014 released

Read here

Angelo Mathews named as captain of the ICC Test Team of the Year 2014

Lenovo completed acquisition of Motorola Mobility

Chinese PC maker Lenovo completed the acquisition of Motorola Mobility from Google on 30 October 2014. The deal, valued at 2.91 billion US dollars, was announced in February 2014.

Google had acquired Motorola Mobility a couple of years ago.

Anita Kapur appointed as the new chairperson of CBDT

Senior IRS officer Anita Kapur was on 5 November 2014 appointed as the new chairperson of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the apex authority of the Income-Tax Department. She succeeded K V Chowdary who retired on 31 October 2014.

National Cancer Awareness Day observed on 7 November across the nation

National Cancer Awareness Day was observed on 7 November 2014 across the nation. Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan in September 2014 had announced that 7 November will be observed as National Cancer Awareness Day every year.

Cristiano Ronaldo received 2013-14 European Golden Boot award

Burger King partnered with eBay to launch its burgers online

Burger King partnered with eBay to launch its burgers online in India on 3 November 2014. Consumers will be able to pre-order Burger King’s signature burger Whopper, one of the world’s most popular five-inch diameter burgers, for a limited time period.

Central Statistical Office released the Women & Men In India 2014 Report

Read here

Havells India Limited chairman Qimat Rai Gupta passed away

Virat Kohli became fastest cricketer to reach 6000 ODI runs


28th November 2014 – Current Affairs November Part 1

November 1 – November 5

Rajiv Mehrishi took charge as Union Finance Secretary

Rajiv Mehrishi on 31 October 2014 took charge as Union Finance Secretary under the Union Ministry of Finance. He was appointed as Secretary of Economic Affairs of Finance.

Fourth International Counter-Piracy Conference held in Dubai

Fourth International Counter-Piracy Conference was held in Dubai from 29 – 30 October 2014. The theme of the Conference was Securing State Recovery: Sustaining Momentum at Sea, Confronting Instability Land. It sought to address the challenges, and current concerns regarding maritime piracy.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon launched global campaign to end female genital mutilation

United Nations (UN) chief Ban Ki-moon on 30 0ctober 2014 launched a global campaign in Kenya to end the deadly practice of female genital mutilation.

More than 125 million girls and women have been cut in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East. If current trends continue, 86 million young girls are likely to undergo same form of the practice by 2030.

Hockey India President Narinder Batra became a member of FIH Executive Board

Hockey India President Narinder Batra on 2 November 2014 became a member of International Hockey Federation (FIH) Executive Board.
The decision was taken during the 2014 Ordinary Congress of FIH. The event was held in Marrakesh, Morocco.

New tower of World Trade Center re-opened 13 years after 9/11 attacks

World Trade Center of the United States on 3 November 2014 re-opened its new tower for business. The tower was reopened for business thirteen years after the original twin towers were destroyed in the 9/11 terrorist attack. It took eight long years to build New York’s World Trade Center at an expense of 3.8 4 billion US dollar. It is now the tallest building in the US.

Bill Gates announced to donate 500 million US dollars to fight malaria

Bill Gates announced the donation of 500 million US dollars to fight malaria and other infectious diseases in the developing world. It was announced on 3 November 2014 at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in the US.

Hasmukh Adhia appointed as Union Financial Services Secretary

India-Sri Lanka started joint military exercise, Mithra Shakti

Mithra Shakthi exercise: three week mock war drill between Special Forces of Indian and Sri Lankan Army
The special forces of Indian and Sri Lankan armies on 3 November 2014 began a three-week long mock war drill at the Uva-Kudaoya Commando Regiment Training School near Colombo in the island nation. The exercise will continue till 23 November 2014.

US became partner for Vibrant Gujarat Global Investor Summit 2015

The United States (US) on 3 November 2014 became the partner country for Vibrant Gujarat Global Investor Summit 2015.

US will be the eighth country to partner the event. Other partner countries include UK, Netherlands, Canada, Australia, Singapore, South Africa and Japan. The members of US India Business Counsil (USBIC) and CEOs of Fortune 500 companies will also be taking part.

Narinder Batra awarded with the President’s Award of International Hockey Federation

Bhuvneshwar Kumar won LG People’s Choice Awards

Oil prices slipped to four-year low of 82.82 US dollars per Barrel

The global benchmark, Brent crude oil, dropped 1.96 US dollar from 84.78 US dollars per barrel to 82.82 US dollars per barrel on 4 November 2014. This was the lowest price of Brent oil in last four years, that is, since 21 October 2010.
The price of oil slipped to its lowest because of the decision of the Saudi Arabia, the largest exporter of oil, to cut the sales price to the US.

Nikki Haley won second term as South Carolina Governor

HDFC became first listed Indian company to have 75% shareholding by FIIs

Mumbai recorded the largest number of Internet users in India in 2014


15th November 2014 – Current Affairs October Part 3

October 21 – October 31

List of Nobel Prize Winners 2014

Read here

WHO declared Nigeria as Ebola Free country

The World Health Organisation (WHO) on 20 October 2014 declared Nigeria as Ebola free country.

It was declared Ebola free after no new cases were reported within the 42 day period stipulated by the WHO for a country to be declared Ebola free. The last reported case in Nigeria was confirmed on 8 September 2014.

Pankaj Advani won World Billiards Point Format Championship

Indian-origin Sahil Doshi won 2014 Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge

Sahil Doshi, an Indian-American student on 22 October 2014 won the 2014 Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge. He was awarded for his innovative design of an eco-friendly battery that could help lower harmful greenhouse gases.

India became the fourth largest steel maker of the World

India was preceded by China, Japan and the United States. India became the world’s fourth largest steel producer by delivering 62.41 Million Tonnes (MT) output from January 2014 to September 2014. The findings were published on 21 October 2014 in the World Steel Association (WSA) data.

India has been the world’s fourth largest steel maker since 2010. As per the World Steel Association (WSA) data, the steel production of India grew by 1.8 percent during the January-September period of 2014. India produced 61.27 MT of steel in the same period in 2013.

Google CEO Larry Page appointed Sundar Pichai as new Product Chief of Google

Google CEO Larry Page on 26 October 2014 appointed Sundar Pichai as new Product Chief of Google.

The India-born executive will oversight over products such as search, maps, Google+, commerce, advertising and infrastructure. Meanwhile, Google’s YouTube will remain under the command of Susan Wojcicki, CEO of the well known video hosting website.

Google celebrated 100th birthday of Dr Jonas Salk

Google on 28 October 2014 celebrated the 100th birthday of Dr Jonas Salk with a doodle on its homepage. Dr Jonas Salk was the American scientists who developed the first successful polio vaccine.

World Polio Day observed across the world on 24 October

Japanese telecom giant Softbank announced to invest 627 million US dollar in Snapdeal

Japanese telecom giant Softbank on 27 October 2014 announced to invest 627 million US dollar in Snapdeal.
With the investment, the Snapdeal will become the largest shareholder in the online marketplace major. Through this strategic investment and partnership with Snapdeal, the SoftBank Group aims to further strengthen its presence in India and leverage synergies with its network of Internet companies around the world.

Malala won 2014 World’s Children prize

Malala Yousafzai won the 2014 World’s Children Prize on 29 October 2014 after a global vote involving millions of children. She received the prize at a ceremony in Mariestad near Stockholm.
Malala Yousafzai, the youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate in history was nominated for the 2014 World’s Children’s Prize for her courageous and dangerous fight for girls’ right to education. She received 50000 US dollar as award.

World Economic Forum released Global Gender Gap Report 2014

World Economic Forum (WEF) on 28 October 2014 released the Global Gender Gap Report 2014. The 2014 report provides Gender Gap scores for 142 countries compared to 136 countries included in 2013 report. In the Report, India with a score of 0.646 has been ranked 114. In 2013, India was ranked 101 out of 136 countries.

Deeper integration for peace, prosperity chosen as the theme for 18th SAARC Summit

Deeper integration for peace and prosperity was chosen as the theme for the upcoming 18th SAARC Summit to be held in Kathmandu on 30 October 2014. The Summit is scheduled to be held on 26-27 November 2014 in Nepal.

Pankaj Advani won IBSF World Billiards Championship

China overtook US to become the world’s largest economy in PPP terms

Read here

14th November 2014 – Current Affairs October Part 2

October 11 – October 20

Third International Day of the Girl Child observed across the world

Third International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC) was observed across the world on 11 October 2014. The theme was Empowering Adolescent Girls: Ending the Cycle of Violence. The theme of IDGC was selected in recognition of the importance of investing in and empowering girls during adolescence and preventing and eliminating the various forms of violence they experience.

Fortune released the list of powerful people titled 40 under 40

The list was topped by ridesharing service company Uber’s 38-year-old co-founder Travis Kalanick and community-driven hospitality company Airbnb’s 33-year-old CEO Brian Chesky.

Followed by, Founder and CEO of Facebook, 30-year-old Mark Zuckerberg, at the number two spot and Italy’s youngest Prime Minister Matteo Renzi (39) at the third position.

The list also included 38-year-old co-founder and CEO of texting company WhatsApp, Jan Koum on rank 5, Yahoo’s 38-year old CEO Marissa Mayer (ranked 6), New York Stock Exchange President 38-year-old Tom Farley (ranked 7) and Twitter co-founder and CEO 37-year-old Jack Dorsey (ranked 11).

Mary Kom voted as India’s Most Valuable Player in Asian Games 2014

Olympic bronze medalist MC Mary Kom on 13 October 2014 was chosen as the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of India’s Incheon Asian Games campaign at a felicitation of the medal winners by contingent sponsors, Samsung India.

Global Hunger Index Report 2014 released: India Ranked at 55th Position

The 2014 Global Hunger Index (GHI) was released on 13 October 2014 by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide. It revealed that two billion people were suffering from hidden hunger even though the levels of hunger in many developing countries decreased. The 2014 GHI was calculated for 120 developing countries and countries in transition, 55 of which have a serious or worse hunger situation.

Paralympic Games to be held in India in February 2015

The Narrow Road to the Deep North authored by Richard Flanagan won Man Booker Prize

The Narrow Road to the Deep North is a novel of Australian author Richard Flanagan. The book was in news after it won the 2014 Man Booker Prize.

Indian-born scientist Sanjaya Rajaram received World Food Prize 2014

An eminent Indian scientist Dr Sanjaya Rajaram on 16 October 2014 received the World Food Prize 2014 for his scientific research that led to a prodigious increase in world wheat production by more than 200 million tons building upon the successes of the Green Revolution.

President Pranab Mukherjee visited Norway

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Raghuram Rajan won Euromoney Award for Best Central Bank Governor of the Year 2014

Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor of Reserve Bank of India on 10 October 2014 was conferred with Euromoney’s Central Bank Governor of the Year Award 2014 in Washington. Euromoney in its comment said that Rajan’s tough monetary medicine combated the storm ravaging the deficit-ridden economy in the recent emerging market crisis. At present, he is battling vested interests to arouse a sleepy financial system for over one million people.

India successfully test-fired nuclear capable Nirbhay cruise missile

India on 17 October 2014 successfully  test fired its first long range subsonic cruise missile Nirbhay with a strike range of over 1000 km from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Orissa.

ICC awarded global broadcast rights from 2015 to 2023 to Star India and Star Middle East

The International Cricket Council (ICC) on 10 October 2014 awarded the global broadcast agreement rights for ICC Events from 2015 to 2023 to Star India and Star Middle East.

India won Sultan of Johor Cup Under-21 Hockey title

Joko Widodo sworn in as Indonesia President


13th November 2014 – Current Affairs October Part 1

October 1 – October 10

President Pranab Mukherjee authorised Vigilance Commissioner Rajiv to act as CVC

President Pranab Mukherjee on 30 September 2014 authorised Vigilance Commissioner Rajiv to act as chief of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) until the appointment of the Central Vigilance Commissioner.  His appointment came with effect from 29 September 2014.

Google social network site–Orkut closed

MC Mary Kom bagged her first Asian Games Gold Medal

Rajasthan became first Indian state to start Olive refinery

Rajasthan on 3 October 2014 became the first state of India to start olive refinery. The refinery established at an expense of 3.75 crore rupees in Lunkaransar area of Bikaner was inaugurated by Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje. With this launch, the state government feels that the refinery would fulfill people’s demand of olive oil in coming years. Olive oil produced in the refinery will be marked under the brand name of Raj Olive Oil and would be made available in market after some time.

Chennai Super Kings won 2014 Champions League Twenty20 title

Hewlett-Packard to split into two publicly traded companies

Technology giant Hewlett-Packard known as HP on 6 October 2014 announced that it will split itself into two separate publicly traded companies. Besides, it also announced to lay off another 5000 employees and invest the saved money on account of lower headcount into research and development.
One part, HP Inc., will consist of the company’s personal-computer and printer businesses.
The other, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, will sell computer servers, data-storage gear, software, consulting operations and other services for corporate-technology departments.

17th Asian Games Incheon 2014 held in South Korea

17th Asian Games Incheon 2014 was held in Incheon, South Korea from 19 September to 4 October 2014, featuring 439 events in 36 sports. It is officially called XVII Asiad. It is governed by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA). The theme of the 2014 Asian Games is Meet Asia’s Future.

Indian Air Force celebrated 82nd Air Force Day on October 8

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg arrived New Delhi

Founder of social site Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg arrived in New Delhi on a two day visit from 9 October to 10 October 2014. His aim behind the visit is to take help of India in connecting people of the world.

French author Patrick Modiano won the 2014 Nobel Prize for Literature

French author Patrick Modiano on 9 October 2014 won the Nobel Prize for literature for the year 2014. The Nobel Prize for Literature is granted by the Swedish Academy.

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014 was awarded to Patrick Modiano for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation.

The award presented to the writer is worth eight million kronor.

Ericsson signed 4G network deal with Bharti Airtel

Swedish telecom gear firm Ericsson on 9 October 2014 signed a Long-Term Evolution (LTE) or 4G network deal with Bharti Airtel. Airtel signed the deal with Ericsson for FDD-LTE network. The signing of the deal will add to the existing 4G services offered by Bharti Airtel.  The company is offering 4G services using TDD-LTE technology on 2300 Mhz band in Ludhiana, Mohali, Bangalore, Kolkata, Pune, Chandigarh and Panchkula.

Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai won the Nobel peace prize 2014

Pakistani child education activist Malala Yousafzai and Indian child rights activist Kailash Satyarthi on 10 0ctober 2014 won the Nobel Peace Prize 2014. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo.


12th November 2014 – Current Affairs September Part 3

September 21 – September 30

Ancient Nalanda University inaugurated after 800 years

Ancient Nalanda University (NU) was formally inaugurated after 800 years on 19 September 2014 by Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj in Rajgir near Nalanda, Bihar. The 455-acre University campus was opened in the presence of Bihar Chief Minister Jitan Ram Manjhi and NU Vice-Chancellor Gopa Sabharwal.

Narula Brothers won 7 crore rupees in Season 8 of Kaun Banega Crorepati

The Narula brothers of Delhi on 20 September 2014 became the first ever contestants to win 7 crore rupees in the television show, Kaun Banega Crorepati, hosted by Amitabh Bachchan. The two brothers, Achin and Sarthak Narula emerged victorious in Season 8 of the show after answering 14 questions correctly, with help of four lifelines.

Post election win, New Zealand PM John Key called for referendum on national flag

John Key, the Prime Minister of New Zealand on 21 September 2014 announced that his government would go ahead with plans to hold a referendum to change the national flag. He announced the referendum after his election triumph.

UN Secretary-General announced to establish UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 20 September 2014 announced to establish the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) in New York. He declared Ebola outbreak in West Africa a threat to peace and security.

Indian space programme created history as Mangalyaan entered Mars orbit successfully

India’s Mars Orbiter Mission, Manglayaan on 24 September 2014 successfully entered the Martian orbit. To insert the spacecraft into the orbit the operation was started at scheduled time 07:17:32 am when its Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) was fired for 24 minutes 16 seconds.
By achieving this fete, India created the history of becoming the first country to insert the spacecraft of the mission around the Mars in first attempt. Apart from this, India also came one step closer to its cherished dream of landing on Mars.

UN Climate Change Summit 2014 held in New York

UN Climate Change Summit 2014 was held at UN headquarters in New York on 23 September 2014 to put the planet on course towards reversing global warming.

P.M. launched Make In India Campaign to make India a manufacturing hub

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014 launched Make In India Campaign at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi to make India a manufacturing hub.

Rajat Sharma appointed as the president of News Broadcasting Association

Cricketers Sachin Tendulkar & Steve Waugh selected as 2014 Bradman Honouree

3rd Meeting of SAARC Culture Ministers adopted Delhi Resolution

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Forbes India released The 100 Richest Indian List 2014

The Forbes India magazine released The 100 Richest Indian List 2014 on 25 September 2014. As per the list, the top 100 richest tycoons in India are all billionaires for the first time. The combined net worth of 100 richest tycoons in India is 346 billion US dollars in 2014 up more than a third from 259 billion US dollars in 2013.

According to the Forbes India List, the Top 10 Richest people of India: 1. Mukesh Ambani; 2. Dilip Shanghvi; 3. Azim Premji; 4. Pallonji Mistry; 5. Lakshmi Mittal; 6. Hinduja brothers; 7. Shiv Nadar; 8. Godrej family; 9. Kumar Birla; 10. Sunil Mittal

Sukinda Chromite Mine of the Tata Steel in Odisha won Asian CSR Leadership Award

India announced to contribute 12 million US dollar to UN to fight Ebola virus

PM Narendra Modi inaugurated India Food Park in Tumkur

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 24 September 2014 inaugurated India Food Park at Tumkur in Karnataka. Through this park, Indian farmers will get access to global markets.

PM Narendra Modi addressed 69th session of UNGA in Hindi

The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 27 September 2014 addressed the 69th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York. He addressed the 193-member UN General Assembly in Hindi becoming the second Prime Minister after Atal Behari Vajpayee who was a Prime Minister from 1998 to 2004.

World Heart Day observed globally on 29 September

World Heart Day was observed across the world on 29 September 2014. The objective of the day is to inform people around the world of the danger of heart disease and stroke.

Europe won 40th Ryder Cup in Gleneagles

World Tourism Day observed across the world

World Tourism Day (WTD) was observed across the world on 27 September 2014. The theme of the World Tourism Day 2014 is Tourism and Community Development. The 2014 WTD is focused to highlight the ability of tourism to empower people and provide them with skills to achieve change in their local communities.

RBI announced fourth Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Statement 2014-15

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11th November 2014 – Current Affairs September Part 2

September 11 – September 20

Subhash Chandra Garg appointed as Executive Director of World Bank

Senior IAS officer Subhash Chandra Garg was appointed as the Executive Director (ED) of World Bank on 10 September 2014. An order issued by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) said that Garg will have tenure of three years from the date of assuming charge of the post.

India and Bangladesh signed MoU in the field of traditional medicines

India and Bangladesh on 9 September 2014 signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of traditional medicines and homeopathy. The MoU aims to enhance cooperation between the two countries in the health sector.

Tata Technologies Ltd appointed Warren Harris as MD and CEO

Engineering and information technology company Tata Technologies Ltd on 9 September 2014 appointed Warren Harris as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Managing Director (MD) of the company.
Warren Harris replaced Patrick McGoldrick who has retired from his position as CEO and Managing Director of Tata Technologies after 20 years in the company. However, McGoldrick will continue to provide counsel to the company board in retirement.

BlackBerry acquired UK mobile technology start-up Movirtu

BlackBerry acquired a U.K-based mobile technology start-up Movirtu on 11 September 2014. Movirtu’s  software allows users to have multiple phone numbers on the same device. The acquisition of Movirtu will help BlackBerry in ramping up its portfolio of services to cater to the needs of its corporate and government clients.

Chitresh Tatha is the youngest sailor at the Asian Games 2014

Chitresh Tatha, 12, is the youngest sailor to represent India at the 2014 Asian Games . He sails in the Optimist Dinghy category.

Union Government launched New Payment Gateway Integrated to e-Filing System

Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry on 8 September 2014 launched a New Payment Gateway Integrated to e-Filing System of the Intellectual Property Office of India (IPOI). It was launched by Amitabh Kant, Secretary, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

The new facility will enable payment using internet banking, credit cards or debit cards of more than 70 Banks as against internet banking of 2 banks earlier. This will lead to increase in online filing of forms for patent and trademarks by 25 to 75 percent. Earlier all Forms was made available by Intellectual Property Office (IPO).

RBI fixed the upper age limit at 70 years for M.D. and CEO in private sector banks

As per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 under Section 196(3), it prescribed that no company shall appoint or continue the employment of any person as managing director, whole-time director or manager who is below the age of 21 years or has attained the age of 70 years. However, individual bank’s boards are free to prescribe a lower retirement age for WTDs, including MD & CEO, as an internal policy.

Russian hackers leaked around five million Gmail passwords

The same Google account password is used across all Google products, such as Gmail, Drive, Plus, YouTube, Maps etc. The account details have been posted on bitcoin forum by a user named Tvskit. Tvskit claimed that approximately 60% of the passwords are still active. On the other hand, Google denied the claim and said that only 2% of the passwords still work. It claimed that its automated anti-hijacking systems would have blocked many of the login attempts.

SC ruled 3 percent quota for disabled persons in all government jobs

The Supreme Court on 12 September 2014 ruled 3 percent quota for disabled persons in all government jobs, including Indian Administrative Services (IAS), and promotions.
A bench headed by Chief Justice R M Lodha said that the disabled people have not got their due in the last 19 years. Despite the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act was passed in 1995. The bench also comprised Justices Kurian Joseph and Rohinton F Nariman.

Germany’s Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier visited India

Foreign Minister of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier visited India from 6 to 7 September 2014. During his visit he met Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj. He also had discussions on trade, investment, high tech cooperation and renewable energy collaboration.

During his visit, both the countries agreed to prepare a road map for cooperation in skill development, solid waste management and cleaning of rivers. He conveyed that Germany has strong desire to work with India to further expand and deepen bilateral relations.

USA won FIBA Basketball World Cup 2014

President of India presented Indira Gandhi Rajbhasa Awards

The President of India Pranab Mukherjee on 14 September 2014 presented Indira Gandhi Rajbhasa awards on the occasion of National Hindi Divas at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.

Indira Gandhi Rajbhasa awards also known as Indira Gandhi Official Language Awards are celebrated every year on 14 September.

G-20 Labour and Employment Ministerial meet

The G-20 Labour and Employment Ministerial meet was held at Melbourne, Australia on 10 September 2014 to 11 September 2014. The meet was called to put forward recommendations to G20 Leaders. During the meet, discussions were held on how to increase job growth across the G20 to help address disadvantage, improve productivity and drive growth.

India-Vietnam signed 7 pacts to strengthen Strategic Partnership

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Naseeruddin Shah released his autobiography And then One Day: A Memoir

Padmini Prakash became the first transgender television news anchor in India

Padmini Prakash became the first transgender television news anchor in India. On the eve of Independence Day on 15 August 2014, she for the first time read out the day’s headlines from a teleprompter for the Lotus News Channel Studios. A month after she started, Padmini has become the face of the Coimbatore-based Lotus News Channel’s daily 7pm special bulletin. Earlier, Padmini had acted in a television serial. She also contributed herself as a vocal social activist for transgender rights.

17th Asian Games began in Incheon, South Korea

Sardar Singh became India’s flag bearer at 17th Asian Games opening


10th November 2014 – Current Affairs September Part 1

September 1 – September 10

Jaipur Pink Panthers won the inaugural title of Pro Kabaddi League

A Nageswara Rao became first Indian actor to be honoured by US post service

Indian Telugu Actor, Akkineni Nageswara Rao became the first Indian actor to be honoured with a postage stamp by the US Post Service (USPS). It was announced by the Akkineni Foundation of America (AFA) on 30 August 2014.

Carolina Marin became the first Spaniard to win World Badminton Championship

Carolina Marin on 31 August 2014 became the first Spaniard to win World Badminton Championship. The World Badminton Championship was held in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Ebola Virus Disease

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Tessy Thomas and V. Ravindranath became first Women directors in IIT council

Tessy Thomas and V. Ravindranath on 1 September 2014 became first Women directors in IIT council. The appointment was confirmed by Union HRD Ministry.

Karnataka became first state in India to launch Health Adalat

Karnataka became the first State in the country to launch a Health Adalat. The Health Adalat was launched by the State Health and Family Welfare Minister U T Khader in Gulbarga, Karnataka on 2 September 2014. It was launched to address health issues at the grassroots level and ensure that all health facilities extended by the government reached all sections of society.

CAD narrowed down to 1.7 per cent of GDP in Q1 of 2014-15: RBI

Reserve Bank of India on 1 September 2014 released the data on Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments. According to the Balance of Trade data, Current Account Deficit (CAD) of India narrowed down sharply to 1.7 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the Quarter 1 (Q1) of the fiscal year 2014-15 as compared to 4.8 percent in the Q1 of 2013-14. Q1 refers to the period April–June.

Japan Researchers developed new method called RT-LAMP to detect Ebola virus

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Snapdeal signed joint venture with Den Networks

The venture will leverage the robust distribution network of Den Networks and Snapdeal’s wide product range and more than 30000 vendors. Den Networks is the largest cable TV distribution company of India. The company serves 13 million homes in more than 200 cities. This deal would benefit both Snapdeal and Den Networks where Snapdeal gets direct access to millions of households at one go while Den gains from the deep domain expertise of the former to build up a strong revenue stream. The deal creates an entity that could evolve into something similar to US based QVC, the world largest home shopping company with annual sales of 8.6 billion US dollar.

India, Australia signed pact on Civil Nuclear Energy deal

ndia and Australia on 5 September 2014 signed a pact on civil nuclear energy deal. This inking of the pact on civil nuclear energy deal has opened decks for the sale of Australian uranium to India. Now, Australian uranium will be purchased by India to support its growing energy needs.

India slipped to 71st rank in WEF’s annual Global Competitiveness List 2014-2015

India slipped to 71st position out of 144 countries by losing 11 places in the global competitiveness list of Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF) that came on 3 September 2014.
India stood at the lowest position among the BRICS countries. Among BRICS countries, China stood at one place with 28th spot, Russia stood at 2nd place with rank at 53rd position followed by South Africa (56th rank) and Brazil (57th rank). The decline of  11 places poses challenge for the Indian government to improve competitiveness and revive the economy. However, in Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014, India ranked at 60th position.

World Literacy Day observed across the world

World Literacy Day was observed across the world on 8 September 2014. The theme of International Literacy Day 2014 is Literacy and Sustainable Development. The aim is to highlight the importance of literacy to individual, communities and societies. On this day, UNESCO reminds the international community of status of literacy and adult learning. On this day, International Conference on Girls’ and women’s literacy and education: Foundations for sustainable development and the awarding of UNESCO Literacy Prizes was held in Dhaka with cooperation of Bangladesh.

President Pranab Mukherjee presented Saakshar Bharat Awards 2014

President Pranab Mukherjee on 8 September 2014 presented the Saakshar Bharat Awards 2014 at International Literacy Day Celebrations. The function was organized by Union Ministry of Human Resource Development at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi. He gave away 11 Saakshar Bharat Awards 2014 to State, Districts, Blocks, Gram Panchayats, State Resource Centre (SRC) and Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) for their best performance in the field of adult education.

Suresh Kumar became first Indian to visit Stratosphere

TN Suresh Kumar on 15 August 2014 became the first Indian to visit to the stratosphere, the second layer of the Earth’s atmosphere. He traveled to an altitude of 17100 meters in MIG-29 from Sokol Airbase near Nizhny Novgorod in Russia. During the travel to reach the stratosphere in 48 minutes, the aircraft reached to a maximum speed of 1850 km per hour.

Pankaj Advani announced to retire from professional snooker


8th November 2014 – Current Affairs August Part 2

August 21 – August 31

Ice Bucket Challenge started to raise awareness and fund for ALS Disease

ALS Ice Bucket Challenge was in news recently because since its start in July 2014, the Challenge has led to raising of millions of dollars as funds for research of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disease.

DIPP notified Press Note 8 allowing 100% FDI in Rail infrastructure

Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) under the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry on 27 August 2014 notified Press Note 8. Press Note 8 allows 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) through automatic route in rail infrastructure of Indian Railways.

Shah Rukh Khan became Ambassador of Turn Back Crime campaign of Interpol

Shah Rukh Khan on 27 August 2014 became the Ambassador of Turn Back Crime campaign of Interpol. This was revealed from a statement released from Interpol headquarters in Lyon, France. The campaign will promote awareness on how everyone can play a role in preventing crime. He, thus, became first Indian to become the ambassador of Interpol.

Prime Minister launched Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 28 August 2014 launched Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana. The Yojana is a mega financial inclusion plan.  Under the yojana bank accounts and RuPay debit cards with inbuilt insurance cover of 1 lakh rupees will be provided to crores of persons with no access to formal banking facilities.

God of Antarctica written by 13 year old Yashwardhan Shukla

Delhi-based 13 year old school boy Yashwardhan Shukla authored a novel, Gods of Antarctica. The book is fictional tale of gods and monsters. It was put into print by the Readers Paradise publishers. The boy said Amish Tripathi’s ‘Shiva’s Trilogy’ and J K Rowling’s Harry Potter series has inspired him in writing. He also said Rick Riordan remains his favourite author.

National Sports Day was celebrated on the 29 August

President Pranab Mukherjee presented National Sports Awards to eminent sportsperson

The President of India Pranab Mukherjee presented the National Sports Awards to eminent sportsperson on 29 August 2014 at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.  The awards were presented on the occasion of National Sports Day. No sportsperson was selected for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 2014.

India Signed agreement with World Bank for MSRPII project

India on 29 August 2014 signed loan agreement with World Bank for Mizoram State Roads Project (MSRP II). As per the agreement, soft loan window of World Bank, International Development Agency (IDA) will provide assistance of 107 million US dollars for the Project.
The agreement was signed by Nilaya Mitash, Joint Secretary (MI), Department of Economic Affairs and Onno Ruhl, Country Director, World Bank, India.

Union Government notified enhancing the social security cover limit under EPFO

Union Government on 28 August 2014 notified enhancing the social security cover limit under the social security schemes run by the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) – the retirement fund manager of the Union. Minimum monthly pension of 1000 rupees under Employees Pension Scheme -1995 (EPS-95). This would benefit 28 lakh pensioners including 5 lakh widow pensioners who used to get less amount

SEBI issued norms for sharing KYC details with financial regulators

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) on 30 August 2014 allowed sharing of Know-your-Client details with entities regulated by other financial sector watchdogs. According to the new norms, the system of KRA may be connected with any central KYC registry authorized by the Union Government for the purpose of collation and sharing of the KYC information in the financial sector. These new norms are called as the Securities and Exchange Board of India KYC Registration Agency.

Yohann Diniz broke 50km Walk World Record at the European Athletics Championship

Yohann Diniz of France broke the 50-km Walk World Record at the European Athletics Championship held in Zurich, Switzerland. He broke the record with a timing of 3 Hours 32 Minutes and 33 Seconds.

Finance Minister Ahmet Davutoglu named as Prime Minister of Turkey

Turkey’s ruling party named Finance Minister Ahmet Davutoglu as New Prime Minister of Turkey on 10 August 2014.   He will replace Recep Tayyip Erdogan.  He will resume office from 28 August 2014.

French President Francois Hollande dissolved French government over economic policy

French President Francois Hollande dissolved his government on 25 August 2014 after an open feud in the cabinet over the country’s economic policy.

President appointed Governors for Rajasthan, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Goa

The Governors names are:
• Kalyan Singh- Rajasthan Governor
• Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala- Karnataka Governor
• Ch. Vidyasagar Rao- Maharashtra Governor
• Mridula Sinha- Goa Governor

T M Bhasin elected as Chairman of Indian Banks Association

T M Bhasin was elected as Chairman of Indian Banks Association (IBA) on 20 August 2014. He will be the Chairman of IBA for 2014-15.T M Bhasin is the chairman and managing director of Indian Bank. K R Kamath, who is the chairman and managing director of Punjab National Bank, was the previous chairman of this Association. K R Kamath was chairman for two consecutive tenures, that is, 2012-13 and 2013-14.

Indian Army discovered tunnel in Pallanwalla sector along LoC leading to PoK

Indian Army on 23 August 2014 discovered a tunnel in the Pallanwalla sector along the Line of Control in Jammu & Kashmir. The tunnel, discovered in an incomplete form, was leading to Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK). The tunnel is located 50 meter inside the Indian Territory and is about two-and-half feet wide and about three-and-half feet high.

Finance Minister Ahmet Davutoglu named as Prime Minister of Turkey

Senior MP KV Thomas appointed as Chairman of PAC

Prof. Kuruppassery Varkey Thomas was appointed as Chairman of Public Accounts Committee (PAC) on 20 August 2014. He will be the 94th Chairman of PAC. KV Thomas is the senior Congress Parliamentarian from Ernakulum Constituency, Kerala.

World’s first Hindu eco-temple Shree Swaminarayan Mandir opened in UK

World’s first Hindu eco-temple named Shree Swaminarayan Mandir was opened in Kingsbury of northwest London, United Kingdom on 19 August 2014. The eco-temple features solar panels on its roof and a rainwater harvesting system.

Filmmaker Muzaffar Ali presented with 22nd Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award


7th November 2014 – Current Affairs August Part 2

August 11 – August 20

Narendra Modi released a book titled Gujarat’s success story in Water Management

A book titled Gujarat’s success story in Water Management was released on 9 August 2014 by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi and the Party National President Amit Shah at JLN Stadium in Delhi. This book was written by BJP’s National Convener of Water Management Cell, Sriram Vedire.

K.V. Chowdary appointed as new Chairman of Central Board of Direct Taxes

Senior IRS officer K V Chowdary appointed as new Chairman of Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). He was apoointed on 1 August 2014.  CBDT is the apex authority of the Income Tax department. He succeed R K Tewari. He retired on 31 July 2014.

Miroslav Klose of Germany announced retirement from International Football

WHO approved the use of experimental drug ZMapp to fight Ebola Virus

The World Health Organisation (WHO) on 12 August 2014 sanctioned the use of experimental drug ZMapp to fight against Ebola as the death toll increased. The declaration of WHO came after a US company Mapp Biopharmaceutical supplied ZMapp to two US doctors Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebo who got affected with the Ebola disease while treating Ebola affected patients in Liberia. It showed some positive effects in saving the lives of Ebola-affected people.

Former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan to head the Expenditure Management Commission

The Union Government decided to appoint former RBI governor Bimal Jalan as the head of the Expenditure Management Commission on 12 August 2014. He would be tasked to suggest ways for managing public finances by reducing food, fertiliser and oil subsidies to include fiscal deficit.

Kush Kumar became first Indian player to reach semi final of World Junior Squash Championship

SC gave 2-week time to Union Government for Ganga clean-up roadmap

Supreme Court of India on 13 August 2014 asked the Union Government to come up with a road-map to make river Ganga pollution free. It asked the government to submit its road-map within two-week. The road-map was asked by the Supreme Court bench headed by Justice TS Thakur.

Maryam Mirzakhani became the first woman to bag Fields Medal

Maryam Mirzakhani, an Iranian born mathematician, became the first woman to win coveted Fields Medal on 13 August 2014 in Seoul, South Korea. The award recognized her contributions to the field of geometry particularly in studying the symmetry of curved surfaces such as spheres.

Sri Lankan Batsman Mahela Jayawardene retired from Test Cricket

Brazilian presidential candidate Eduardo Campos died

Eduardo Campos, the Brazilian presidential candidate, died on 13 August 2014 after his private jet crashed in São Paulo, Brazil. He was 49.

Roger Federer won Cincinnati Tennis Open

Ravi Shastri appointed as the Director of Indian Cricket Team

Adille Sumariwala appointed as the Chef-de-Mission for 2014 Asian Games

TCS and Bharti Foundation announced to spend 200 crore rupees for Clean India Campaign

TCS has decided to provide hygienic sanitation facilities in 10000 schools for girl students. On the other hand, Bharti Foundation (development arm of Bharti Enterprises) decided to build toilets in Ludhiana in next three years covering every rural household.

India and Czech Republic signed MoU on technical cooperation in Railway

India and Czech Republic on 19 August 2014 signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on technical cooperation in railway sector. This MoU was signed between the Union Ministry of Railways and Czech Railways (Ceske Drahy) of the Czech Republic and Association of Czech Railway Industry (ACRI) of the Czech Republic.

SC issued notice to government seeking response on amendment of Article 348 of Constitution

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World-renowned yoga guru B K S Iyengar died


6th November 2014 – Current Affairs August Part 1

August 1 – August 10

SS Mundra took charge as fourth RBI Deputy Governor

Subhash Sheoratan Mundra on 31 July 2014 took charge as the fourth Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The Government of India vide its notification on 30 July 2014 appointed Mundra as the Deputy Governor of RBI for three years from the date of assuming charge of the office.

One Life is Not Enough written by Natwar Singh released

One Life is Not Enough: An Autobiography written by Kunwar Natwar Singh was published on 1 August 2014. The book is an autobiography of the former External Affairs Minister and senior Congress Party leader Natwar Singh.

Dipa Karmakar became first Indian woman gymnast to win medal in Commonwealth Games

Dipa Karmakar on 31 July 2014 became the first Indian woman gymnast and second person of the country to win a medal at the Commonwealth Games. She bagged a bronze in the vault event and scripted history for and in India.

Deputy National Security Adviser Nehchal Sandhu resigned

Deputy National Security Adviser Nehchal Sandhu resigned on 30 July 2014. His resignation was accepted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31 July 2014. Sandhu was appointed Deputy NSA in March 2013 for a fixed three year term. He was the Director of the Intelligence Bureau between 2010 and 2012.

Muzaffar Ali selected for Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award

Muzaffar Ali, a noted filmmaker of India was selected for Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award on 31 July 2014. His name was selected for his outstanding contribution towards the promotion of Communal harmony, peace and goodwill.

RBI canceled the Licence of The Vasavi Co-operative Urban Bank Ltd., Hyderabad

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 14 July 2014 cancelled the licence of The Vasai Co-operative Urban Bank Ltd., Hyderabad (Telangana). The order came into effect with the notification. The order was issued in view that the bank has ceased to be solvent and all its efforts to revive the bank have also failed and the depositors were being inconvenienced by continued uncertainty.

Guitar legend Dick Wagner died at 71

2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games concluded; India finished 5th with 64 medals

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Nepal

Syndicate Bank CMD SK Jain suspended for allegedly receiving bribe

Syndicate Bank Chairman-cum-Managing Director (CMD) SK Jain was suspended by Union government on 4 August 2014 after he was arrested by Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on 2 August 2014 for accepting bribe.

Xavi, the Spanish midfielder retired from international football

Blencathra Mountain’s purchase bid by Lakshmi Mittal Sparks Protests

Blencathra Mountain in Britain was in news in the first week of July 2014 due to bid made by Indian steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal to buy the mountain range. The purchase bid led to protests from the local people who think that this proposal could make the area a playground for the rich

Angela Nemeth, the 1968 Olympic javelin champion died

Robert Frederick Panara, pioneer of Deaf Studies Died

Robert Frederick Panara, the poineer of deaf studies died in Rochester, US on 20 July 2104 due to heart ailments. He was 94.

Edward Snowden granted three-year residence in Russia

Russia on 7 August 2014 granted a three-year residence permit to Edward Snowden, the Former US intelligence contractor turned whistleblower. It is not a political asylum.

WHO declared Ebola as Global Health Emergency

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Ebola as Global Health Emergency. The decision was taken after a two-day emergency session held in Geneva. During the two-day session, WHO appealed for global aid to help afflicted countries.

Didier Drogba, the striker of Ivory Coast announced retirement from International football


 5th November 2014 – Current Affairs July Part 4

JULY 16 – JULY 31

SEBI barred Satyam founder Ramalinga Raju and 4 others from accessing capital markets

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) on 15 July 2014 barred founder of Satyam Computers, B Ramalinga Raju and four other top executives from accessing the capital markets for 14 years. The four executives are  
• B Rama Raju, the company’s former managing director
• Vadlamani Srinivas, its former chief financial officer
• G Ramakrishna, its former vice-president (finance)
• VS Prabhakara Gupta, its former head (internal audit)

BRICS to create 100 billion dollar development bank and emergency reserve fund

The founding treaty for the New Development Bank and the Contingency Reserve Agreement were signed by the economy ministers of the member nations. Initially, the bank will start off with 50 billion dollars in initial capital with the five BRICS putting in 10 billion US dollars each.

Contribution of different nations
• China will contribute 41 billion US dollar
• Brazil, Russia and India will contribute 18 billion US dollar each
• South Africa will provide 5 billion US dollar

PM Narendra Modi met Russian President Putin in Fortaleza

The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi met Russian President Vladimir Putin in Fortaleza, Brazil on 15 July 2014. He met the Russian President Putin on the sidelines of Sixth BRICS Summit. The meeting was the first-summit level interaction of PM Narendra Modi with Russian President.

Bashar al-Assad sworn in as President of Syria

Bashar al-Assad was sworn in as Syria’s President in Damascus for a seven-year term on 16 July 2014. With this he became the President for the third consecutive term. He was re-elected after a presidential election that was held in June 2014.

India and Brazil signed three agreements to strengthen the bilateral relation

The three agreements signed between the two countries are
• MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Environment
• Agreement on Space
• MoU on Cooperation in the Establishment of a consultation mechanism on mobility and consular issues.

7th BRICS Summit to be held in Russian city of Ufa

7th BRICS Summit will be held in Russian city of Ufa in 2015. The announcement was made in Fortaleza Declaration on 16 July 2014 on the sidelines of 6th BRICS Summit in Fortaleza, Brazil.

India to host 7th IBSA Summit in 2015

7th India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) summit will be held in New Delhi, India in 2015. This was announced after Prime Minister Narendra Modi met South African President Jacob Juma on the sidelines of 6th BRICS Summit in Fortaleza, Brazil on 16 July 2014.

Malaysia Airlines plane Boeing 777 MH-17 crashed over Eastern Ukraine

Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 plane, MH-17, was shot down over war-torn eastern Ukraine near the Russian border on 17 July 2014. The Plane was shot down at an altitude of 10000 meters (33000 feet)

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim Arrived in India

The World Bank President Jim Yong Kim arrived in New Delhi, India on 21 July 2014 on his three-day visit. During his visit, he will meet Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi for understanding the development priorities in India. Jim Yong Kim is scheduled to meet the Union Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley also.

KN Tripathi sworn in as 22nd Governor of West Bengal

Keshari Nath Tripathi was sworn in as 22nd Governor of West Bengal on 24 July 2014. The Acting Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court Asim Kumar Banerjee administered the oath of office to KN Tripathi in Raj Bhavan, Kolkata.

India decided against signing WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement

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Abhinav Bindra won Gold medal in Men’s 10m Air Rifle at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Olympic Gold medalist Abhinav Bindra on 25 July 2014 won the Gold medal in Men’s 10-m Air Rifle event at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland. He shot 205.3 points to win the Gold.

Kargil Vijay Diwas Celebrated across the country on 26 July

RBI penalised 12 Banks in Deccan Chronicle Holdings case

These 12 banks are Andhra Bank; Axis Bank; Canara Bank; Corporation Bank; HDFC Bank; ICICI Bank; IDBI Bank; IndusInd Bank; Kotak Mahindra Bank; Ratnakar Bank; State Bank of Hyderabad; Yes Bank

Amitabh Bachchan named as Maharashtra’s horticulture ambassador

The Vijay Mallya Story written by K Giriprakash published

The Vijay Mallya Story written by K Giriprakash was published by Penguin Books Limited in 2014. K. Giriprakash is the Chief of Bureau, The Hindu Business Line.

Jacques Kallis announced retirement from all formats of International cricket


4th November 2014 – Current Affairs July Part 3

July 11 – July 15

World Population Day 2014 observed across the world

World Population Day was observed across the world on 11 July 2014. The theme of World Population Day 2014 was Investing in Young People. World Population Day is observed to bring awareness to people about importance of small families and living healthy lives. The day is celebrated with several programs that are initiated to educate people about family planning methods.

Germany won the 2014 FIFA Football World Cup beating Argentina 1-0

Germany on 13 July 2014 became the 2014 FIFA World Cup champion after defeating Argentina 1-0 at the Maracana in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The single goal of the final was made by Mario Gotze during the extra-time. With this win, Germany lifted the trophy for the fourth time in the history of FIFA world Cup and first since 1990.

Sim Bhullar became first Indian-origin basketball player to join NBA

Sim Bhullar became the first basketball player of Indian origin to join the National Basketball Association (NBA). He signed a summer contract in second week of July 2014 with the Sacramento Kings, a professional basketball team in the US.

World-renowned conductor Lorin Maazel died at 84

Lorin Varencove Maazel, the American conductor of classical music, violinist and composer died on 13 July 2014 at his home in Castleton, Virginia. He died due to complications following pneumonia. He was 84 and is survived by four daughters, three sons and four grandchildren.

Jayawardene announced retirement from Test Cricket

Mahela Jayawardene, the former skipper of Sri Lankan cricket team, announced his retirement from Test cricket on 14 July 2014. He will retire from Test Cricket after the home series against Pakistan in August 2014.

India & Sri Lanka signed MoU to set up Engineering & Agricultural faculty for University of Jaffna

India on 14 July 2014 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Sri Lanka for setting up a Faculty of Agriculture and a Faculty of Engineering for the University of Jaffna at Kilinochchi. The MoU was signed in the presence of Sri Lanka’s Minister of Higher Education, SB Dissanayake in Colombo and the signatories of the MoU were
• YK Sinha, High Commissioner of India
• Dunil Jayantha Nawaratne, the Secretary to the Ministry of Higher Education

Brazil Football Coach Luiz Felipe Scolari resigned

Luiz Felipe Scolari, the football coach of Brazil on 14 July 2014 resigned after Brazil failed to win the 2014 FIFA World Cup. His resignation was confirmed by the Country’s Football Federation Confederação Brasileira de Futebol (CBF).

President appointed Governors of five states

People, who have been appointed as the Governors by the President are
• Ram Naik as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh
• Balramji Dass Tandon as the Governor of Chhattisgarh
• Keshari Nath Tripathi as the Governor of West Bengal
• Om Prakash Kohli as the Governor of Gujarat
• Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya as the Governor of Nagaland

Environmentalist Chandi Prasad Bhatt won the Gandhi Peace prize 2013

Environmentalist and social activist Chandi Prasad Bhatt on 15 July 2014 was awarded with the prestigious Gandhi Peace prize for 2013. He was awarded by the President of India Pranab Mukherjee at a function in Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.

PM Narendra Modi met Chinese President Xi Jinping in Fortaleza

The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi met Chinese President Xi Jinping in Fortaleza, Brazil on 15 July 2014. He met the Chinese President on the sidelines of Sixth BRICS Summit being held in Fortaleza. The meeting was the first-summit level interaction of PM Narendra Modi with Chinese President.

3rd November 2014 – Current Affairs – July Part 2

July 6 – July 10

MCC XI won the match played to celebrate 200 years of Lord’s Cricket Ground

Marylebone Cricket Club XI on 5 July 2014 won the match played to celebrate 200-years (bi-centenary) of Lord’s Cricket Ground – the Home of Cricket. Sachin Tendulkar-led MCC XI beat Shane Warne-led Rest of the World XI in Lord’s in London, UK.

Novak Djokovic won the Men’s Wimbledon Tennis Open defeating Roger Federer

With this win world number two Djokovic reclaimed top spot in the men’s rankings replacing Rafael Nadal for the first time since September 2013.

President Pranab Mukherjee appointed Governor for Mizoram and Nagaland

Governor of Gujarat, Kamla Beniwal was transferred and appointed as Governor of Mizoram for the remainder of her term.
Vakkom Purushothaman, the Mizoram Governor, transferred and appointed as Governor of Nagaland for the remainder of his term.

M S Mehta appointed as CEO of Reliance Infrastructure

He took charge as CEO for a period of five years.He replaced Lalit Jalan, who held the post of CEO of Reliance Infrastructure for more than seven years.

Kvitova won the Women’s Wimbledon Tennis Open

Union Rail Budget 2014-15: Highlights

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Granville Austin, the scholar of Indian constitution died

He described Indian Constitution as first and foremost a social document that embodied the objectives of a social revolution.

Alfredo Di Stefano, the Real Madrid FC legend died

Stefano was a football player, who played for three different nations at international level but never appeared at the world cup. He played for Argentina, Colombia and Spain.

Eduard Shevardnadze, the ex-President of Georgia died at 86

He became the second President of Georgia in 1992 after disintegration of Georgia from the erstwhile Soviet Union. He had succeeded Zviad Gamsakhurdia. He was toppled in November 2003 after the Rose Revolution led by Mikheil Saakashvili.

India successfully test-fired BrahMos supersonic cruise missile

BrahMos has been inducted into the Army and Navy, while, the Air Force is in final stages of trial. The induction of the first version of BrahMos Weapon Complex (N1) in the Indian Navy commenced from 2005 with the missile being deployed on-board warship INS Rajput (the first ship with the missile).

Emma Watson appointed as UN Goodwill Ambassador

Emma Watson, the British Actress on 8 July 2014 was appointed as the Goodwill Ambassador for UN Women. With this appointment, the accomplished actress and humanitarian Watson will work for empowerment of young women and also as an advocate for UN Women’s HeForShe campaign in promoting gender equality.

Economic Survey of India 2013-14: Highlights

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Railway Budget 2014-15: New Initiatives

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31st October 2014 – Current Affairs July Part 1

July 1st – July 5th

India and China inked 3 agreements including one to facilitate setting up of Chinese Industrial

India and China on 30 June 2014 signed three agreements in the fields of commerce, water resources and human resources development. The signed agreements will facilitate China to set up industrial parks, share hydrological information during Brahmaputra floods and impart training to public officials. These agreements were signed after delegation level talks between Hamid Ansari, the Vice President of India and his Chinese counterpart Li Yuanchao at Chinese Parliament called Great Hall of People in Beijing. Hamid Ansari was on a visit to China from 26 June to 30 June 2014.

Former Haitian President Leslie Manigat died at 83

Former Haitian president Leslie Francois Manigat on 27 June 2014 died at the age of 83. He was elected as the President of Haiti in January 1988 but was overthrown by General Henri Namphy in June 1988. He led the centre-left Assembly of Progressive National Democrats party (RNDP) that was founded in the late 1970s.

India announced new liberal visa policy for Afghanistan nationals

India on 30 June 2014 announced a new liberal visa policy for nationals of Afghanistan on humanitarian grounds. The Policy was released by Union Home Ministry and will be effective from 1 July 2014. The new policy allows nationals of Afghanistan to stay in India on stay visa or resident permit for a period of two years at a time. Besides, Afghanistan nationals below 12 years or above 65 years are also granted exemption from police reporting

Malala Yousafzai won Liberty Medal for the year 2014

Malala Yousafzai, the young Pakistani education advocate, on 30 June 2014 won the 2014 Liberty Medal given by the National Constitution Centre in Philadelphia in Pennsylvania, US.

National Doctors’ Day observed across India on 1 July

India on 1 July 2014 observed the National Doctors’ Day. The day is observed to honour legendary physician, Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy whose birth and death anniversary falls on the same day. On 4 February 1961, he received the Bharat Ratna.

France announced to provide 1 billion Euros credit line to India

France on 30 June 2014 announced to provide one billion Euros (8200 crore rupees) line of credit over a three years period to India. The announcement was made by French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius who is on a visit to India. The line of credit will help India take initiative in the climate control area and enable India to work closely with France on the issue of climate change.

Bor Wildlife Sanctuary of Maharashtra to be the country’s 47th Tiger Reserve

Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) on 1 July 2014 notified Bor Wildlife Sanctuary as Tiger Reserve. With this, Bor Wildlife sanctuary will become the 47th Tiger Reserve of India and sixth Tiger Reserve of Maharashtra. The approval aimed at strengthening the conservation efforts of the national animal.

Rajasthan Government declared Camel as the State animal

State Government of Rajasthan on 30 June 2014 declared Camel as the State animal. The step has been taken to check the diminishing number of camels in the State. 

Indian pistol shooter Jitu Rai ranked No. 1 in the world

Jitu Rai became World Number 1 pistol shooter in the men’s 10m air pistol category. This was revealed by the latest rankings released by the International Shooting Federation (ISSF) on 1 July 2014.

World Bank released a report titled Student Learning in South Asia

World Bank released a report titled Student learning in South Asia: challenges, opportunities, and policy priorities on 30 June 2014. According to the report, the poor quality of education is hampering the development of South Asia including India

Sujit Choudhry became the first Indian-American dean of Berkeley Law School

Sujit Choudhry became the first Indian-American dean of the Berkeley Law School, University of California. He is the 12th dean of the famed Law school and he will serve the institution for five years starting from 1 July 2014.

India became the first Country to Ratify the Marrakesh Treaty

India on 30 June 2014 became the first country to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty to facilitate access to published works for persons who are blind and visually impaired. Dilip Sinha, the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations, handed over the Instrument of Ratification to Francis Gurry, Director General, WIPO. The instrument was handed over at a ceremony held during the 28th Session of SCCR (Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights) in WIPO Headquarters.

Coffee-Table book titled First Citizen: Pranab Mukherjee in Rashtrapati Bhavan released

A coffee-table book titled First Citizen: Pranab Mukherjee in Rashtrapati Bhavan was released on 2 July 2014 at a function in Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. The book’s first copy was received by Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India.

Michelle Howard became first female four-star admiral in US Navy

Michelle Howard became the first female four-star admiral in US Navy. She is the first women admiral in 236 year old history of US Navy. Vice-Admiral Michelle was promoted to the highest rank of four-star admiral at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial in US on 1 July 2014. The Promotion ceremony was presided over by Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus.

Former French President Sarkozy charged with corruption & influence peddling

Nicolas Sarkozy, the former President of France, on 2 July 2014 was charged with corruption and influence peddling. Sarkozy was charged on the allegation that he sought insider information from a judge regarding an investigation into illegal campaign financing of his 2007 presidential campaign by former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

Ram Naresh Yadav sworn-in as Governor of Chhattisgarh

Ram Naresh Yadav was sworn-in as Governor of Chhattisgarh at Raj Bhawan, Raipur on 2 July 2014. Ram Naresh Yadav, Governor of Madhya Pradesh, has been given the additional charge of Chhattisgarh.

Four-party meet in Berlin agreed to resume ceasefire in eastern Ukraine

Four-party meet held in Berlin on 2 July 2014 agreed on a series of step to resume the ceasefire in eastern Ukraine. The four-party meet was held between Foreign Ministers of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France.The steps include reopening talks before 5 July 2014 with the goal of reaching an unconditional and mutually agreed sustainable cease-fire. The talks will be monitored by the Organization for Security and Cooperation (OSC) in Europe.

China – South Korea bilateral summit held in Seoul

China – South Korea bilateral summit was held in Seoul on 3 July 2014. The summit was held between South Korean President Park Geun-hye and Chinese President Xi Jinping. It was held during the Chinese President Xi’s first visit to South Korea since he became the President in 2013.

ADB approved 300 million US dollar loan for Assam’s power sector

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 3 July 2014 approved 300 million US dollars loan to Assam. The loan will help Assam in its drive to eliminate power sector inefficiencies that are hurting its consumers, its world-famous tea industry, and its environment.

Olympian and WW II veteran Louis Zamperini died

Louis Zamperini, a 1936 US Olympic distance runner and World War II veteran, died due to pneumonia on 2 July 2014. He was 97.

B V Wanchoo, the Governor of Goa resigned

Bharat Vir Wanchoo, the Governor of Goa resigned on 4 July 2014. He is the fifth Governor to resign in last one month after M K Narayanan (West Bengal), B L Joshi (Uttar Pradesh), Shekhar Dutt (Chhattisgarh) and Ashwani Kumar (Nagaland).

Senegal President Macky Sall sacked Prime Minister Aminata Toure

Senegal President Macky Sall on 4 July 2014 sacked Prime Minister Ms Aminata Toure. She was sacked due to her failure to win a seat from Dakar in the 2014 local elections. Aminata Toure, 51, headed the Alliance for the Republic (APR) was appointed as Prime Minister in September 2013.  Earlier she was a Justice Minister.

NABARD and SFAC signed a MoU for development of Small Farm Producers

National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) on 4 July 2014 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the development of Small Farm Producers. The MoU seeks to bring the two institutions in close coordination for implementing schemes for promotion of Producer Organisations (POs).


30th October 2014 – G8 Countries and Summits







6.Russia (Suspended)

7.United Kingdom

8.United States

European Union (The Chair)







1st November 15–17, 1975 France
2nd June 27–28, 1976 United States
3rd May 7–8, 1977 United Kingdom
4th July 16–17, 1978 West Germany
5th June 28–29, 1979 Japan
6th June 22–23, 1980 Italy
7th July 20–21, 1981 Canada
8th June 4–6, 1982 France
9th May 28–30, 1983 United States
10th June 7–9, 1984 United Kingdom
11th May 2–4, 1985 West Germany
12th May 4–6, 1986 Japan
13th June 8–10, 1987 Italy
14th June 19–21, 1988 Canada
15th July 14–16, 1989 France
16th July 9–11, 1990 United States
17th July 15–17, 1991 United Kingdom
18th July 6–8, 1992 Germany
19th July 7–9, 1993 Japan
20th July 8–10, 1994 Italy
21st June 15–17, 1995 Canada
22nd June 27–29, 1996 France
23rd June 20–22, 1997 United States
24th May 15–17, 1998 United Kingdom
25th June 18–20, 1999 Germany
26th July 21–23, 2000 Japan
27th July 20–22, 2001 Italy
28th June 26–27, 2002 Canada
29th June 2–3, 2003 France
30th June 8–10, 2004 United States
31st July 6–8, 2005 United Kingdom
32nd July 15–17, 2006 Russia
33rd June 6–8, 2007 Germany
34th July 7–9, 2008 Japan
35th July 8–10, 2009 Italy
36th June 25–26, 2010 Canada
37th May 26–27, 2011 France
38th May 18–19, 2012 United States
39th June 17–18, 2013 United Kingdom
40th June 4–5, 2014 European Union
41st June 4–5, 2015 Germany

29th October 2014 – SAARC Countries and Summits









8.Sri Lanka








1st 7–8 December 1985 Bangladesh Dhaka
2nd 16–17 November 1986 India Bangalore
3rd 2–4 November 1987 Nepal Kathmandu
4th 29–31 December 1988 Pakistan Islamabad
5th 21–23 November 1990 Maldives Malé
6th 21 December 1991 Sri Lanka Colombo
7th 10–11 April 1993 Bangladesh Dhaka
8th 2–4 May 1995 India New Delhi
9th 12–14 May 1997 Maldives Malé
10th 29–31 July 1998 Sri Lanka Colombo
11th 4–6 January 2002 Nepal Kathmandu
12th 2–6 January 2004 Pakistan Islamabad
13th 12–13 November 2005 Bangladesh Dhaka
14th 3–4 April 2007 India New Delhi
15th 1–3 August 2008 Sri Lanka Colombo
16th 28–29 April 2010 Bhutan Thimphu
17th 10–11 November 2011 Maldives Addu
18th (Planned November 2014) Nepal Kathmandu


28th October 2014 – ASEAN Countries and Summits




















23–24 February 1976


4–5 August 1977


14–15 December 1987


27‒29 January 1992


14‒15 December 1995


15‒16 December 1998


5‒6 November 2001


4‒5 November 2002


7‒8 October 2003


29‒30 November 2004


12‒14 December 2005


11‒14 January 20071


18‒22 November 2007


27 February – 1 March 2009
10–11 April 2009


23 October 2009


8–9 April 2010


28–31 October 2010


7–8 May 2011


14–19 November 2011


3–4 April 2012


17–20 November 2012


24–25 April 2013


9–10 October 2013


10–11 May 2014


10–12 November 2014



27th October 2014 – Controversial Books 2014


Book Author
The Accidental Prime Minister Sanjaya Baru
Crusader or Conspirator? Coalgate and other Truths PC Parakh
The Hindus Wendy Doniger
Sahara: The Untold Story Tamal Bandyopadhyay (Yet to be released)
The Descent of Air India Jitendra Bhargava
Gas Wars: Crony Capitalism and the Ambanis Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, Subir Ghosh and Jyotirmoy Chaudhuri


21st October 2014 – Female Leaders All over the World


No. Country Leader In office since:
1 Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel Nov. 22, 2005 –
2 Liberia President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf Jan. 16, 2006 –
3 Argentina President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner Dec. 10, 2007 –
4 Bangledesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed Jan. 6, 2009 –
5 Lithuania President Dalia Grybauskaite Jul. 12, 2009 –
6 Costa Rica President Laura Chinchilla May 8, 2010 –
7 Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar May 26, 2010 –
8 Brazil President Dilma Rousseff Jan. 1, 2011 –
9 Kosovo President Atifete Jahjaga Apr. 7, 2011 –
10 Denmark Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt Oct. 3, 2011 –
11 Jamaica Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller Jan. 5, 2012 –
12 Malawi President Joyce Banda Apr. 7, 2012 –
13 South Korea President Park Geun-hye Feb. 25, 2013 –
14 Slovenia Prime Minister Alenka Bratusek Mar. 20, 2013 –
15 Cyprus (North) Prime Minister Sibel Siber Jun. 13, 2013 –
16 Senegal Prime Minister Aminata Touré Sep. 3, 2013 –
17 Norway Prime Minister Erna Solberg Oct. 16, 2013 –
18 Latvia Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma Jan. 22, 2014 –
19 Central African Republic President Catherine Samba-Panza Jan. 23, 2014 –
20 Chile President Michelle Bachelet Mar. 11, 2014 –
21 Malta President Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca Apr. 7, 2014 –
22 Poland Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz Apr. 7, 2014 –


18th October 2014 – Indian Government Schemes




Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana (posthumously awarded)death and disability insurance for rural landless households
Bachat Lamp Yojna reduce the cost of compact fluorescent lamps
Central Government Health Scheme comprehensive medical care facilities to Central Government employees and their family members
Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme Create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities.
Gramin Bhandaran Yojna Creation of scientific storage capacity with allied facilities in rural areas to meet the requirements of farmers for storing farm produce, processed farm produce and agricultural inputs. Improve their marketability through promotion of grading, standardization and quality control of agricultural produce.
Indira Awaas Yojana Provides financial assistance to rural poor for constructing their houses themselves.
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana A cash incentive of Rs. 4000 to women (19 years and above) for the first two live births.
Integrated Child Development Services tackle malnutrition and health problems in children below 6 years of age and their mothers
Integrated Rural Development Program self-employment program to raise the income-generation capacity of target groups among the poor
Janani Suraksha Yojana One-time cash incentive to pregnant women for institutional/home births through skilled assistance
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Educational facilities (residential schools) for girls belonging to SC, ST, OBC, minority communities and families below the poverty line in Educationally Backward Blocks
Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana Scholarship program to encourage students to take up research careers in the areas of basic sciences, engineering and medicine
Livestock Insurance Scheme (India) Insurance to cattle and attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage of Rs. 120 per day in 2009 prices.
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme Each MP has the choice to suggest to the District Collector for, works to the tune of Rs.5 Crores per annum to be taken up in his/her constituency. The Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament can recommend works in one or more districts in the State from where he/she has been elected.
Midday Meal Scheme Lunch (free of cost) to school-children on all working days
National Literacy Mission Programme Make 80 million adults in the age group of 15 – 35 literate
National Pension Scheme Contribution based pension system
National Service Scheme Personality development through social (or community) service
National Social Assistance Scheme Public assistance to its citizens in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of undeserved want
Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana Integrated development of Schedule Caste majority villages in four states
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana Achieve 4% annual growth in agriculture through development of Agriculture and its allied sectors during the XI Plan period
Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana Health insurance to poor (BPL), Domestic workers, MGNERGA workers, Rikshawpullers, Building and other construction workers, and many other categories as may be identified by the respective states
RNTCP Tuberculosis control initiative
Saksham or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys Aims at all-round development of Adolescent Boys and make them self-reliant, gender-sensitive and aware citizens, when they grow up. It cover all adolescent boys (both school going and out of school) in the age-group of 11 to 18 years subdivided into two categories, viz. 11-14 & 14-18 years. In 2014-15, an allocation of Rs. 25 crore is made for the scheme.
Sabla or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls Empowering adolescent girls (Age) of 11–18 years with focus on out-of-school girls by improvement in their nutritional and health status and upgrading various skills like home skills, life skills and vocational skills. Merged Nutrition Programme for Adolescent Girls (NPAG) and Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY).
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana Providing additional wage employment and food security, alongside creation of durable community assets in rural areas.
Swabhiman To make banking facility available to all citizens and to get 5 crore accounts opened by Mar 2012
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana Bring the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organising them into Self Help Groups (SHGs) through the process of social mobilisation, their training and capacity building and provision of income generating assets through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy.
Swavalamban pension scheme to the workers in unorganised sector. Any citizen who is not part of any statutory pension scheme of the Government and contributes between Rs. 1000 and Rs. 12000/- per annum, could join the scheme. The Central Government shall contribute Rs. 1000 per annum to such subscribers.
Udisha Nationwide training component of the World Bank (External website that opens in a new window) assisted Women and Child Development Project (External website that opens in a new window). Udisha has been cleared with an outlay of about Rs.600 crores for five years. UNICEF is also a technical collaborator in the Project. The programmes aims to train child care workers across the country.
National Rural Livelihood Mission(NRLM) This scheme will organize rural poor into SHG groups and make them capable for self-employment. The idea is to developing better livelihood options for the poor.


17th October 2014 – Laptop Companies and their Countries


Laptops Parent Country
Acer Taiwan
Asus Taiwan
Dell USA
Hewlett – Packard USA
Lenovo China
Apple USA
HCL India
LG South Korea
Samsung South Korea
Toshiba Japan
VIAO Japan


16th October 2014 – Mobile Companies and their Countries


Mobile Company Parent Country
BlackBerry Canada
Gionee China
Xiamoi Tech
Micromax Mobiles India
Karbonn Mobiles
Celkon Mobiles
LG SouthKorea
HTC Taiwan
Apple UnitedStates
Motorola Mobility
Sony Mobile Communications Japan


15th October 2014 – Indian Space Missions 2013-2014


Satellite Launch Date Launch Vehicle Remarks
SARAL 25th February 2013 PSLV-C20 SARAL, The Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a joint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies.
IRNSS-1A 1 July 2013 PSLV-C22 IRNSS-1A is the first satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is one of the seven satellites constituting the IRNSS space segment.
INSAT-3D 26 July 2013 Ariane-5 INSAT-3D is the meteorological Satellite with advanced weather monitoring payloads.
GSAT-7 30 August 2013 Ariane-5 GSAT-7 is the advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated for military use.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) 5 November 2013 PSLV-C25 The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), informally called Mangalyaan is India’s first Mars orbiter.
GSAT-14 5 January 2014 GSLV-D5 GSAT-14 is the twenty third geostationary communication satellite of India to augment the In-orbit capacity of Extended C and Ku-band transponders.
IRNSS-1B 4 April 2014 PSLV-C24 IRNSS-1B is the second satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).
PSLV-C23 30 JUNE 2014 PSLV-C23 Carried 5 foreign satellites for first time from sriharikota.


14th October 2014 – Oceania Countries, Capitals and their Currencies


Country Capital  Currency
Australia Canberra Australian Dollar
American Samoa Fagatogo, Utulei US Dollar
Christmas Island (Australia) The Settlement Australian Dollar
Cocos (Keeling) Islands West Island Australian Dollar
Cook Islands Avarua New Zealand Dollar
Fiji Suva Fiji Dollar
French Polynesia Papeete Pacifique franc
Guam Agana US Dollar
Kiribati Bairiki Australian Dollar
Marshall Islands Majuro US Dollar
Nauru Yaren Australian Dollar
New Caledonia Noumea Pacifique franc
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand Dollar
Niue Alofi New Zealand Dollar
Norfolk Island Kingston Australian Dollar
Northern Mariana Islands Saipan US Dollar
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina
Palau Koror US Dollar
Pitcairn Island Adamstown New Zealand Dollar
Samoa Apia Tala
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands Dollar
Tonga Nuku’alofa Pa’anga
Tuvalu Funafuti Australian Dollar
Tokelau -none- New Zealand Dollar
Vanuatu Port-Vila Vatu
Virgin Islands (British) Road Town US Dollar
Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie US Dollar
Wallis and Futuna Mata-Utu Franc


13th October 2014 – South American Countries, Capitals and their Currencies


Country Capital Currency
Argentina Buenos Aires Austral,  Neuvo Peso
Bolivia La Paz Boliviano
Brazil Brasilia Real
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso
Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso
Ecuador Quito Sucre
Guyana Georgetown Guyana Dollar
French Guiana Cayenne Franc
Falkland Islands Stanley Falkland Pound
Peru Lima New Sol
Suriname Paramaribo Suriname Guilder
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguayan New Peso
Venezuela Caracas Bolivar


11th October 2014 – North American Countries, Capitals and their Currencies


Country Capital  Currency
Antigua and Barbuda St. Johns East Caribbean Dollar
Bahamas Nassau Bahamian Dollar
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Dollar
Belize Belmopan Belize Dollar
Canada Ottawa Canadian Dollar
Costa Rica San José Colón
Cuba Havana Peso
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean Dollar
Dominican Republic St. Domingo Peso
El Salvador San Salvador El Salvadorian Colón
Grenada St. George’s East Caribbean Dollar
Guatemala Guatemala Quetzal
Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican Dollar
Mexico Mexico City Mexican New Peso
Nicaragua Managua Córdoba
Panama Panamá Balboa
St. Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean Dollar
St. Lucia Castries East Caribbean Dollar
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago Dollar
United States of America Washington D.C. US Dollar


10th October 2014 – European Countries, Capitals and their Currencies


Country Capital  Currency
Albania Tirane Lek
Andorra Andorra-la-vella Andorran Peseta, Euro
Armenia Jerevan Dram
Austria Vienna Schilling, Now Euro
Azerbaijan Baku Manat
Belarus Minsk Rouble
Belgium Brussels Belgian Franc, Now Euro
Bosnia & Herzegovina Sarajevo Dinar
Bulgaria Sofia Lev
Croatia Zagreb Kuna and Croatian Dinar
Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus Pound
Czech Republic Prague Czech Koruna
Denmark Copenhagen Danish Krone
Estonia Tallinn Kroon
Finland Helsinki Markka, Now Euro
France Paris French Franc, Now Euro
French Guiana Cayenne French Franc, Now Euro
Georgia Tbilisi Lari
Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark, Now Euro
Greece Athens Drachma, Now Euro
Hungary Budapest Forint
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic Krona
Italy Rome Lire, Now Euro
Latvia Riga Lat
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss Franc
Lithuania Vilnius Litas
Luxemburg Luxemburg Luxemburg Franc, Now Euro
Macedonia Skopje Macedonian Dinar
Malta Valletta Maltese Lira
Martinique Fort-de-France French Franc, Now Euro
Moldova Kishinev Moldavian Leu
Monaco Monaco French Franc, Now Euro
Netherlands Amsterdam Dutch Guilder, Now Euro
Norway Oslo Norwegian Krone
Northern Ireland Belfast Pounds
Poland Warsaw New Zloty
Portugal Lisbon Escudo, Now Euro
Romania Bucharest Romanian Leu
Russia Moscow Russian Federation Rouble
San Marino San Marino Italian Lire
Scotland Edinburgh Pound Sterling
Slovakia Bratislava Slovak Koruna
Slovenia Ljubljana Tolar
Spain Madrid Peseta, Now Euro
Sweden Stockholm Swedish Kroner
Switzerland Berne Swiss Franc
Tajikistan Dushanbe Tajik Rouble
Ukraine Kiev Hryvna
United Kingdom London Pound Sterling
Uzbekistan Toshkent/Tashkent Uzbekistani Som
Vatican City Vatican City Italian Lire
Yugoslavia Belgrade New Dinar
Whales Cardiff Pound Sterling



9th October 2014 – African Countries, Capitals and their Currencies


Country Capital  Currency
Algeria Algiers Algerian Dinar
Angola Luanda New Kwanza
Benin Porto-Novo Franc
Botswana Gaborone Pula
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Burkina Faso Franc
Burundi Bujumbura Burundi Franc
Cameroon Yaoundé Franc
Cape Verde Praia Escudo Caboverdiano
Central African Republic Bangui Franc
Chad N’Djamena Franc
Comoros Moroni Comorian Franc
Congo Brazzaville Franc
Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro Franc
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Franc
Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Franc
Eritrea Asmara Eritrean Nakfa
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr
Gabon Libreville Franc
Gambia Banjul Dalasi
Ghana Accra Cedi
Guinea Conakry Guinea Franc
Guinea-Bissau Bissau Guinea-Bissau Peso
Ivory Coast Abidjan and Yamoussoukro Franc
Kenya Nairobi Kenyan Shilling
Lesotho Maseru Loti
Liberia Monrovia Liberian Dollar
Libya Tripoli Libyan Dinar
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Franc
Malawi Lilongwe Malawian Kwacha
Mali Bamako Malian Franc
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritius Rupee
Mayotte Dzaoudzi and Mamoudzou French Franc
Morocco Rabat Moroccan Dirham
Mozambique Maputo Metical
Namibia Windhoek Namibian Dollar and Rand
Niger Niamey West African Franc
Nigeria Abuja Naira
Reunion Saint-Denis Euro
Rwanda Kigali Rwanda Franc
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra
Senegal Dakar West African Franc
Seychelles Victoria Seychelles Rupee
Sierre Leone Freetown Leone
Somalia Mogadishu Somali Shilling
South Africa Cape Town Rand
St. Helena Jamestown St. Helena Pound
Swaziland Mbabane and Lobamba Lilangeni
Tanzania Dar es Salaam Tanzanian Shilling
Togo Lome Franc
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian Dinar
Uganda Kampala Ugandan Shilling
Zambia Lusaka Zambian Kwacha
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwe Dollar


8th October 2014 – Asian Countries, Capitals and their Currencies


Country Capital Currency
Afghanistan Kabul Afgani
Armenia Yerevan Dram
Azerbaijan Baku Manat
Bahrain Al-Manamah Bahraini Dinar
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Dollar
China Beijing Yuan
Cyprus Nicosia Cypriot Pound
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel
East Timor Dili U.S. Dollar
India New Delhi Indian Rupee
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Rial
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar
Israel Tele Aviv Shekel
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordan Amman Jordanian Dinar
Kazakhstan Akmola Tenge
Korea (North) Pyongyang Won
Korea (South) Seoul Won
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti Dinar
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstani Som
Laos Vientiane Kip
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese Pound
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Ringgit
Maldives Male Rufiyaa
Mongolia Ulan-Bator Tugrik
Myanmar Yangon Kyat
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese Rupee
Oman Muscat Rial Omani
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani Rupee
Philippines Manila Peso
Qatar Doha Qatari Riyal
Russia Moscow Russian Ruble
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Saudi Riyal
Singapore Singapore Singapore Dollar
Sri Lanka Colombo Sri Lankan Rupee
South Korea Seoul South Korean Won
Syria Damascus Syrian Pound
Taiwan (ROC) Taipei New Taiwan Dollar
Tajikistan Dushanbe Tajikistan Somoni
Thailand Bangkok Thai Bhat
Turkey Ankara Turkish Lira
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmenistan Manat
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE Dirham
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistan Som
Vietnam Hanoi Vietnamese Dong
Yemen Sana’a Yemeni Rial


7th October 2014 – Cars and their Parent Countries


Cars Country
Alfa Romeo Italy
Aston Martin Great Britain
Audi Germany
Bentley Great Britain
BMW Germany
Bugatti Germany
Cadillac USA
Chevrolet USA
Citroen France
Dodge USA
Ferrari Italy
Ford USA
General Motors USA
Honda Japan
Hummer USA
Hyundai South Korea
Jaguar Great Britain
Lamborghini Italy
Lexus Japan
Mercedes-Benz Germany
Porsche Germany
Suzuki Japan
Toyota Japan


6th October 2014 – Indian Rivers


River City State
Yamuna Yamuna Nagar, Delhi, Mathura, Agra, Etawah, Kalpi, Allahabad, Baghpat, Noida, Firozabad, Hamirpur Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana
Ganges Allahabad, Badrinath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Patna, Varanasi, Farrukhabad, Fatehgarh ,Kannauj, Kanpur Cantonment, Shuklaganj, Chakeri, Hajipur Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal
Narmada Jabalpur, Bharuch Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat
Brahmaputra Guwahati, Dibrugarh Assam
Godavari Rajahmundry, Nashik, Nanded Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh
Krishna Sangli, Karad, Vijayawada Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh
Kaveri Erode, Thiruchirapalli Tamil Nadu
Jhelum Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir



3rd October 2014 – Top Peaks of the Continents


Continent Peak Height (Meters)
Asia Mount Everest 8488
K2 8611
Kangchenjunga 8586
Africa Mount Kilimanjaro 5895
Mount Kenya 5195
Mount Stanley 5199
Australia Mount Kosciuszko 2228
Mount Townsend 2209
Mount Twynam 2195
Europe Mount Elbrus 5642
Monte Shkhara 5193
Mount Blanc 4810
North America Mt McKinley (Denali) 6168
Mt Logan 5959
Pico de Orizaba 5636
South America Aconcagua 6962
Ojos del Salado 6893
Huascaran 6769


2nd October 2014 – Top 14 Peaks in the World


Mountain Location Height
Meters Feet
 1. Everest1 Nepal/Tibet



 2. K2 (Godwin Austen) Pakistan/China



 3. Kangchenjunga Nepal/India



 4. Lhotse Nepal/Tibet



 5. Makalu Nepal/Tibet



 6. Cho Oyu Nepal/Tibet



 7. Dhaulagiri Nepal



 8. Manaslu Nepal



 9. Nanga Parbat Pakistan



10. Annapurna Nepal



11. Gasherbrum I Pakistan/China



12. Broad Peak Pakistan/China



13. Gasherbrum II Pakistan/China



14. Shisha Pangma Tibet




1st October 2014 – Days Observed


Date Month Day
12 January National Youth Day (India)
4 February World Cancer Day
13 February World Radio Day
28 February National Science Day (India)
3 March World Wildlife Day
8 March International Women’s Day
21 March International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
22 March World Water Day
7 April World Health Day
22 April Earth Day
26 April World Intellectual Property Day
1 May International Workers Day
31 May World No Tobacco Day
5 June World Environment Day
14 June World Blood Donor Day
11 July World Population Day
12 August International Youth Day
5 September International Day of Charity
8 September International Literacy Day
15 September International Day of Democracy
21 September International Day of Peace
26 September World Contraception Day
11 October International Day of the Girl Child
16 October World Food Day
24 October United Nations Day
27 October Labour Day
14 November World Diabetes Day
1 December World AIDS Day
10 December Human Rights Day


30th September 2014 – IPL – Teams, Winners, Owners And Controversies (2008-2014) 


Current Teams
Chennai Super Kings 2010,2011 N.Srinivasan (India Cements)
Delhi Daredevils Grandhi Mallikarjuna Rao (GMR)
Kings XI Punjab Preity Zinta (PZNZ Media),
Ness Wadia (Bombay Dyeing),
Mohit Burman (Dabur),The Oberoi Group
Kolkata Knight Riders 2012,2014 Shahrukh Khan (Red Chillies Entertainment)
Juhi Chawla, Jay Mehta (Mehta Group)
Mumbai Indians 2013 Mukesh Ambani (Reliance Group)Teesta Retail
Rajasthan Royals 2008 Lachlan Murdoch (Emerging Media)
Shilpa Shetty, Raj Kundra (UK Tradecorp Ltd)
Royal Challengers Bangalore Vijay Mallya (UB Group)
Sunrisers Hyderabad Kalanidhi Maran (Sun Group)
Defunct Teams
Deccan Chargers 2009 Deccan Chronicle Holdings Limited
Kochi Tuskers Kochi Cricket Private Ltd
Pune Warriors India Sahara Adventure Sports India


Year Orange Cap Purple Cap Player of the Tournament
2008 Shaun Marsh Sohail Tanvir Shane Watson
2009 Matthew Hayden R.P. Singh Adam Glichrist
2010 Sachin Tendulkar Pragyan Ojha Sachin Tendulkar
2011 Chris Gayle Lasith Malinga Chris Gayle
2012 Chris Gayle Morne Morkel Sunil Narine
2013 Micheal Hussey D.J. Bravo Shane Watson
2014 Robin Uthappa Mohit Sharma Glenn Maxwell


Year Controversies Who was Involved? Verdict
2008 Conflict with ECB AND Wales Cricket Board England and Wales Cricket Board None of the England players were given the No Objection Certificate
2009 General Elections Government Played in South Africa
2010 Lalit Modi Alleged acts of individual misdemeanours Suspension
2011 Bid for Kochi Tuskers Kochi Franchise and Shashi Tharoor Resignaation of Shashi Tharoor from the Centeral Government
2012 Spot Fixing India TV aired a sting operation which accused 5 players for spot fixing Suspension of the 5 players
2013 Spot Fixing and Betting Case. Pune Warriors India Withdrawal 3 players of RR were involved. Gurunath Meiyappan(top official of the Chennai Super Kings franchise and son-in-law of BCCI president N. Srinivasan).PWI RR players were arrested by Delhi Police. Gurunath Mejyappan was arrested and N.Srinivasan to step down from his position(as a BCCI president).PWI had o withdraw as they couldn’t pay full franchise fee.
2014 Elections Government First half of the phase was played in UAE


29th September 2014 – Indian Companies Fortune 500 List 2014


Company Position (2014) Position (2013)
Wal-Mart 1 2
Royal Dutch Shell 2 1
Sinopec 3 4
IOC 96 88
Reliance Industries 114 107
Bharat Petroleum 242 229
Hindustan Petroleum 284 260
Tata Motors 287 316
State Bank of India 303 298
ONGC 424 369
Tata Steel 486 471



26th September 2014 – Some Important happenings of 2013

China Moon Rover Lands on Moon.

Nelson Mandela Dies at 95.

Iran Nuclear Deal.

Super Typhoon Haiyan Davastates Philippines.

US government shutdown.

Kenya Mall Attack.

Washington DC Navy Yard Shooting.

Tokyo Japan wins to host 2020 Olympics.

Microsoft buys Nokia mobile phone business at $7.2 billiion.

NASDAQ in error for three hours during trading time.

Syria Chemical Attack Allegation.

Detroit files for bankruptcy.

Egypt Army Ousts President Mursi.

US NSA Prism Program.

Scientists successfully cloned human stem cells.

Yahoo buy Tumblr for $1.1 billion.

Bangladesh Factory Collapse, Over 700 Dead.

Deadly earthquake hits China Sichuan.

Boston Marathon Blasts .

Margaret Thatcher Dies at 87.

The rise of bitcoin.

Cyprus plans to tax bank deposits.

Meteorites injured hundreds in Russia.

Pope Benedict XVI resigned.


25th Spetember 2014 – Popular Trade agreements

ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) – Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam

Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) – Bangladesh, China, India, Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic , Sri Lanka, Nepal, Philippines, Mongolia

G-3 Free Trade Agreement (G-3) – Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela

G8 Nations-  France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada and Russia.

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)- Islamic monarchies of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – Canada, Mexico, and the United States

Pacific Alliance-Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru

South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives,Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka


24th September 2014 – HeadQuarters of International Organisations

United Nations Organisation                                                                          New York

United Nations Childrens’ Fund (UNICEF)                                                 New York

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)                                                  New York

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)      Geneva

World Health Organisation                                                                              Geneva

International Labour Organisation                                                                 Geneva

International Committee of the Red Cross                                                    Geneva

World Trade Organisation                                                                                Geneva

World Meteorological Organisation                                                                Geneva

World Intellectual Property Organization                                                      Geneva

International Organization for Standardization                                            Geneva

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation

(UNESCO)                                                                                                              Paris

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

(OECD)                                                                                                                    Paris

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)               Vienna

International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA)                                                   Vienna

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)                              Vienna

International Monetary Fund (IMF)                                                                 Washington DC

World Bank                                                                                                             Washington DC

Amnesty International                                                                                          London

Commonwealth of Nations                                                                                   London

International Court Of Justice                                                                             The Hague

Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)                                                        Rome

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)                                                      Brussels

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC)                           Kathmandu

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)                                            Jakarta

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)                                                        Singapore

International Olympic Committee(IOC)                                                              Lausanne, Switzerland

World Economic Forum (WEF)                                                                             Geneva, Switzerland

Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)                               Zurich, Switzerland

International Cricket Council (ICC)                                                                      Dubai, UAE

International Hockey Federation (FIH)                                                               Lausanne, Switzerland

Fédération internationale des échecs (FIDE)

or World Chess Federation                                                                                       Athens, Greece

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)                                  Gland, Switzerland


23rd September 2014

2014 FIFA World Cup

Hosts – Brazil

Winners – Germany

1st Runners Up – Argentina

Golden Ball – Lionel Messi (Argentina)

Golden Boot – James Rodríguez ( Columbia)

Golden Glove – Manuel Neuer (Germany)


2014 Men’s Hockey World Cup

Venue –  The Hague, Netherlands

Winner – Australia

1st Runner Up – Netherlands

India’s position – Indian team ended up 9th in the Tournament

India’s Captain – Sardar Singh

Most number of Goals in the Tournament – Gonzalo Peillat from Argentina

Player of the Tournament – Mark Knowles from Australia

Goalkeeper of the Tournament – Jaap Stockmann, Netherlands

Goal of the Tournament – Sebastian Dockier, Belgium


Indian Winners at London Olympics 2012

Bronze – Men’s 10 metre air rifle event – Gagan Narang

Bronze – Women’s singles in badminton – Saina Nehwal (first Indian to win a medal in Badminton at the Olympics)

Bronze – Women’s flyweight category in Boxing – Mary Kom

Bronze – Men’s freestyle 60 kg wrestling event – Yogeshwar Dutt

Silver – Men’s 25 m rapid fire pistol event – Vijay Kumar

Silver  – 66 kg Freestyle wrestling event – Sushil Kumar

No Gold Medals were won.


22nd September 2014 –

 Heads of Important Organisations


Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) Director-General – José Graziano da Silva, Brazil (2012–present)
International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA) Director-General – Yukiya Amano, Japan (2009–present)
International Labour Organization(ILO) Director-General – Guy Ryder, UK (2012–present)
United Nations  Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon, South Korea (2007–present)
United Nations  President of the General Assembly VukJeremic, Serbia (2012–2013) John William Ashe, Antigua and Barbuda (2013-2014)
United Nations Security Council members – China, France, Russia,Security Council members – China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States (permanent members) Azerbaijan, Guatemala, Morocco, Pakistan, Togo (elected for 2012–2013)Argentina, Australia, Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, Rwanda (elected for 2013–2014) United Kingdom, United States (permanent members)
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Executive Director – Anthony Lake, United States (2010–present)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Director-General – Irina Bokova, Bulgaria (2009–present)
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights High Commissioner – NavanethemPillay, South Africa (2008–present)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) High Commissioner – AntónioGuterres, Portugal (2005–present)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Director-general – KandehYumkella, Sierra Leone (2005–present)
World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director – JosetteSheeran, United States (2007–present)
World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General – Margaret Chan, China (acting) (2007–present)
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) President – Alexander Bedritsky, Russia (2003–present)
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Secretary-General – Michel Jarraud, France (2004–present)
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Secretary-General – TalebRifai, Jordan (2010–present)



Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretary-General – Le Luong Minh, Vietnam (2013–present)
Commonwealth of Nations Head – Queen Elizabeth II (1952–present), Secretary-General – Kamalesh Sharma, India (2008–present)
Commonwealth of Independent States Executive Secretary – Sergei Lebedev, Russia (2007–present)
Council of Europe Secretary General – ThorbjørnJagland, Norway (2009–present)
European Union (EU) Presidency of the European Council – Herman Van Rompuy (2009–present)
Group of Eight (G8) President (informal) – David Cameron, United Kingdom (2013)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Chairman – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran (2012–present)
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Secretary-General – Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Denmark (2009–present)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretary-General – José ÁngelGurría, Mexico (2006–present)
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation(SAARC) Secretary-General – Ahmed Saleem, Maldives (2012–present)
World Trade Organization (WTO) Director-General – Roberto Azevêdo, Brazil (2013–present)



Asian Development Bank President – Takehikonakao, Japan (2013–present)
International Monetary Fund Managing Director – Christine Lagarde, France (2011–present)
World Bank President – Jim Yong Kim, Korea (2012–present)



FédérationInternationale de Football Association (FIFA) President – SeppBlatter, Switzerland (1998–present)
International Cricket Council (ICC) President – Alan Isaac, New Zealand (2012–present)
International Olympic Committee (IOC) President – Thomas Bach, Germany (2013–present)
Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) President – Michel Platini, France (2007–present)



International Court of Justice President – HisashiOwada, Japan (2009–present)
International Criminal Court President – Song Sang-Hyun, South Korea (2009–present)
International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) Secretary-General – Ronald Noble, United States (2000–present)President – MireilleBallestrazzi, France (2012–present)
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Secretary-General -Edmund Daukoru, Nigeria, acting (2006–present)Mohammed S. Barkindo, Nigeria, acting for Daukoru (2006–present)



19th September 2014 – Direct Questions can be asked

Heads of Important Organisations in India


Chief Economic Advisor Raghuram Rajan
Chief Election Commissionor V.S.Sampath
RBI Raghu Ram Rajan
SEBI  U.K. Sinha
ISRO Dr. K. Radhakrishnan
NABARD PrakashBakshi
NASSCOM  Krishna kumarNatrajan
TRAI  Rahul Khullar
FICCI Naina Lal Kidwai
ASSOCHAM Rana Kapoor
CAG Shashi Kant Sharma
National Commission for women Mamta Sharma
National Innovation Commission  Sam Pitroda
National Security Advisor Shivashankar Menon
National Security Council Yakov Amridor
Attorney General of India  G.E. Vahanvati
Bombay Stock Exchange Ashish Chauhan
National Stock Exchange Chitra Ramkrishna
PM Economic Advisor C.Rangrajan
Press Council of India MarandeyKatju
Press Trust of India  K N Shanth Kumar



18th September 2014 – Match the Following questions are asked


Year Number City Country Date
2018 XXI Gold Coast Australia
2014 XX Glasgow Scotland Jul 23-Aug 3
2010 XIX Delhi India 3-14 Oct
2006 XVIII Melbourne Australia 15-26 March
2002 XVII Manchester England 25 July-4 Aug
1998 XVI Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 10-20 Sept
1994 XV Victoria Canada 18-28 Aug
1990 XIV Auckland New Zealand 24 Jan-3 Feb
1986 XIII Edinburgh Scotland 24 July-2 Aug
1982 XII Brisbane Australia 30 Sept-9 Oct
1978 XI Edmonton Canada 3-12 Aug
1974 X Christchurch New Zealand 24 Jan-2 Feb
1970 IX Edinburgh Scotland 16-25 July
1966 VIII Kingston Jamaica 4-13 Aug
1962 VII Perth Australia 21 Nov-1 Dec
1958 VI Cardiff Wales 18-26 July
1954 V Vancouver Canada 30 July-7 Aug
1950 IV Auckland New Zealand 4-11 Feb
1938 III Sydney Australia 5-12 Feb
1934 II London England 4-11 Aug
1930 I Hamilton Canada 16-23 Aug
1911 London England


17th September 2014

Summer Olympic Games Sites – You get match the following questions in IIFT

1896 – Athens, Greece
1900 – Paris, France
1904 – St. Louis, United States
1908 – London, United Kingdom
1912 – Stockholm, Sweden
1916 – Scheduled for Berlin, Germany*
1920 – Antwerp, Belgium
1924 – Paris, France
1928 – Amsterdam, Netherlands
1932 – Los Angeles, United States
1936 – Berlin, Germany
1940 – Scheduled for Tokyo, Japan*
1944 – Scheduled for London, United Kingdom* 1948 – London, United Kingdom
1952 – Helsinki, Finland
1956 – Melbourne, Australia
1960 – Rome, Italy
1964 – Tokyo, Japan
1968 – Mexico City, Mexico
1972 – Munich, West Germany (now Germany)
1976 – Montreal, Canada
1980 – Moscow, U.S.S.R. (now Russia)
1984 – Los Angeles, United States
1988 – Seoul, South Korea
1992 – Barcelona, Spain
1996 – Atlanta, United States
2000 – Sydney, Australia
2004 – Athens, Greece
2008 – Beijing, China
2012 – London, United Kingdom
2016 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2020 – Tokyo, Japan


Winter Olympic Games Sites

1924 – Chamonix, France
1928 – St. Moritz, Switzerland
1932 – Lake Placid, N.Y., United States
1936 – Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1940 – Scheduled for Sapporo, Japan*
1944 – Scheduled for Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy*
1948 – St. Moritz, Switzerland
1952 – Oslo, Norway
1956 – Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy
1960 – Squaw Valley, California, United States
1964 – Innsbruck, Austria
1968 – Grenoble, France
1972 – Sapporo, Japan
1976 – Innsbruck, Austria
1980 – Lake Placid, New York, United States
1984 – Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia and Herzegovina)
1988 – Calgary, Alberta, Canada
1992 – Albertville, France**
1994 – Lillehammer, Norway**
1998 – Nagano, Japan
2002 – Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
2006 – Torino (Turin), Italy
2010 – Vancouver, Canada
2014 – Sochi, Russia
2018 – Pyeongchang, South Korea

* Due to World War I and II, Summer Olympic Games were not held in 1916, 1940, and 1944. Due to World War II, Winter Olympic Games were not held in 1940 and 1944.

** The 1992 and 1994 Winter Games are two years apart due to the transition of the Winter Games to alternating even-numbered years with regard to the Summer Games.