Algo-Trading – A Leap Into The Future Of Trading – IFMR
Algo Trading – What is that?
It has different names (Automated trading, Black-box trading, or simply Algorithmic-trading). Algorithmic Trading analyses different market conditions from which it can make profits. Then it applies one of its many algorithmic trading strategies created by user or broker, particular to that market situation, and automatically trades and manages positions even if the user is sleeping (No need to constantly watch the Market).
This was introduced in India in 2008, still lagging behind the US and Europe in trend, but, it is quickly catching up. In India, one-third of trading happens through this, while in the USA this figure is close to 75-80percentage.
This is the trading technique that will increase the performance and at the same time will reduce the portfolio volatility and allows the user to make profits during a rising and falling stock market. It makes work easier for the user as it automatically searches for the hot stocks, sectors, commodities, index according to the market situation. Algo-trading does all the searching, timing and trading for the user automatically. Since there is no human intervention involved, Algo-trading is much faster and efficient than manual trading.
Any profitable trading strategy can be executed through an Automated algorithm. In general, many algorithms are being used by Algo-Traders such as Maximum traded value, Time-weighted average, Volume-Weighted Average Price (VWAP), Trades per second, Market-On-Close (MOC), Total traded quantity, Arrival price.
Beyond that user can create many other algorithms as per his strategy using different programming languages like Python, Java, C# etc. While creating algorithms, the user needs to understand different strategies to deal wit the financial market because algorithms are meaningless if strategies don’t perform. These trading strategies are highly dependent on complex mathematical formulas and high-speed programs.
It is extensively used by Mutual funds companies, Investment banks, Pension funds management to hedge funds because these institutions need to execute high-frequency numbers which are not possible every time. It helps them to break the whole amount into small parts and continue to execute in particular time intervals or according to any dedicated strategies. For example, instead of placing 1,00,000 shares at a time, an Algo-trading technique may push 1,000 shares out every 15 seconds and incrementally put small amounts into the market over the period of a time or over entire day.
In finance, as we know opportunity goes hand in hand with risk. The famous “Flash Crash ” had occurred in US in 2010 due to algorithmic trading. To prevent this, some of the risk management algorithms must be approved by the exchanges like total traded quantity, maximum traded value and trades per seconds. This technique will provide future for the financial people to make a great career with the help of technology. It is going to be a trend for Individual traders, Brokers and Financial institutions to use this High-end strategic mechanism.
About the Author:
An Electronics Engineer with a passion in IT and a knack to study and understand the Indian Financial Markets.
Second Year PGDM student at Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR)