Public Trials (Lynching) Are Being Normalised In India – GD Monday
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Topic: Public Trials (Lynching) Are Being Normalised In India
The horrific lynching of Madhu, a 27-year-old tribal in Kerala’s Attapadi, has outraged the nation. People across the country have taken to social media to express horror over the fact that such an awful incident occurred in a state that prides itself on being the forerunner of literacy in the country and that fairs better than other states in most social indices. Madhu was beaten to death by a group of persons for allegedly stealing food articles from some shops in the Agali town.
Whats the reason for the rise in mob lynching cases in India? Who is to be blamed for these cases? Are they justified in any sort of situation? What can be done to prevent them?
1. Remember, this is a discussion and not a debate. Refrain from an aggressive and over-the-top response to someone who disagrees with you.
2. This is a simulation of an actual Group Discussion. The attempt is to allow participants to practice construction of coherent and logical thoughts. The motive is to also introduce pertinent topics that may come in the GD-PI of your dream B-School interview.
First of all, it is important to understand that lynching is directly related to minorities. Go back in history, and you will find that majority of the cases of lynching have victims who are either Dalits, Tribals, Muslims or other members of minority groups. So these acts are not random.
The second thing that we need to understand is that it is not easy to kill. In this particular case, there were selfies taken before the mob lynched the man. So the obvious question that comes to mind is: What can drive someone to kill?
This is not about rage. It is about de-humanizing a creed of people. To draw an analogy, when a mosquito is around you, your instinct is to kill it. Why? Because you do not believe it shares the same stature as you in the ecosystem. So you don’t flinch before you smack it with an electric bat. In fact, it may bring some satisfaction. Similarly, the 16 accused have gone through the process of dehumanizing the victim of a minority group so that he/she is no longer a human being; they are something inferior.
We must also take into account how common these acts have become and how central minorities are in all of these cases. There have been videos of the lynching of Dalits who were accused of eating and supplying beef. The Dadri lynching of a Muslim man accused of eating beef (which was later identified as Mutton) is yet another example. If you know the background, you will know that the mob dragged him out of the house simply on the basis of an announcement by the clergymen of a local Hindu temple. This is dehumanization which allows people to kill. The same ideology is partially applicable to sexual assault.
I feel that education needs to emphasize the retrogression that the caste-system brings to our nation. Literacy and education are two different and independent parameters to assess character. We need to teach people to identify that caste and religious discrimination are tools of vote-bank politics. What was meant to be segregation based on occupation has become segregation based on socio-economic status, all because someone wants to garner political influence to gain a position of power.
Second, we must question those in the centre. How is this being allowed? Why are the perpetrators let off easily or in some cases, not even arrested? And how are we going to defend the secularism India prides itself on?
A permanent solution to this deep-rooted problem is elusive and has many aspects that need to be analysed. However, the above-stated alternatives can be effective for a short-term and this is how we can at least attempt to prevent such cases of hate-crime.
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